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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of women in the Global Network’s Maternal Neonatal Health Registry by site in the years 2010 - 2013

From: Rates and determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breast feeding at 42 days postnatal in six low and middle-income countries: A prospective cohort study

  African Sites Indian Sites   Latin America Sites  
  Kenya Zambia Belgaum Nagpur Pakistan Argentina Guatemala Total
Maternal age, N (%)         
< 20 7,503 (21.7) 6,712 (25.2) 7,250 (9.5) 725 (1.9) 1,694 (3.9) 2,636 (27.3) 4,663 (16.4) 31,183 (12.1)
20-35 25,575 (74.1) 17,832 (67.0) 68,858 (90.3) 36,634 (97.8) 39,804 (90.7) 6,293 (65.1) 20,837 (73.3) 215,833 (84.0)
> 35 1,421 (4.1) 2,086 (7.8) 124 (0.2) 97 (0.3) 2,389 (5.4) 738 (7.6) 2,942 (10.3) 9,797 (3.8)
Education, N (%)         
No formal education 1,048 (3.0) 2,789 (10.5) 15,611 (20.6) 1,140 (3.0) 36,256 (82.7) 243 (2.5) 5,454 (19.2) 62,541 (24.4)
Primary 24,636 (71.4) 14,573 (55.0) 25,060 (33.1) 6,440 (17.2) 3,398 (7.7) 5,993 (62.5) 17,943 (63.1) 98,043 (38.3)
Secondary 7,581 (22.0) 8,669 (32.7) 28,003 (37.0) 22,260 (59.5) 2,648 (6.0) 3,201 (33.4) 4,759 (16.7) 77,121 (30.1)
University+ 1,243 (3.6) 473 (1.8) 7,045 (9.3) 7,596 (20.3) 1,554 (3.5) 149 (1.6) 288 (1.0) 18,348 (7.2)
Parity, N (%)         
0 8,609 (24.9) 7,170 (26.9) 32,203 (42.5) 17,953 (47.9) 9,041 (20.6) 3,165 (32.9) 7,950 (27.9) 86,091 (33.6)
1-2 13,403 (38.8) 10,037 (37.7) 38,592 (50.9) 18,553 (49.5) 14,259 (32.5) 3,746 (38.9) 10,259 (36.1) 108,849 (42.4)
> 2 12,496 (36.2) 9,438 (35.4) 5,041 (6.6) 970 (2.6) 20,624 (47.0) 2,723 (28.3) 10,242 (36.0) 61,534 (24.0)
Trimester for first ANC visit, N (%)         
First 1,232 (3.8) 2,169 (8.3) 46,710 (63.1) 28,973 (77.5) 8,575 (24.1) 3,213 (37.3) 11,429 (41.5) 102,301 (42.3)
Second 19,101 (58.8) 18,823 (71.9) 23,144 (31.2) 7,317 (19.6) 11,425 (32.1) 3,873 (45.0) 12,146 (44.1) 95,829 (39.6)
Third 12,133 (37.4) 5,182 (19.8) 4,209 (5.7) 1,075 (2.9) 15,606 (43.8) 1,525 (17.7) 3,994 (14.5) 43,724 (18.1)
Delivery mode, N (%)         
Vaginal 33,666 (97.4) 26,173 (98.1) 65,197 (85.4) 29,568 (78.9) 37,468 (85.1) 6,294 (64.9) 23,118 (81.2) 221,484 (86.1)
Vaginal assisted 410 (1.2) 235 (0.9) 208 (0.3) 417 (1.1) 2,428 (5.5) 13 (0.1) 24 (0.1) 3,735 (1.5)
C-section 477 (1.4) 271 (1.0) 10,902 (14.3) 7,498 (20.0) 4,144 (9.4) 3,394 (35.0) 5,313 (18.7) 31,999 (12.4)
Birth attendant, N (%)         
Physician 596 (1.7) 546 (2.0) 44,515 (58.3) 22,495 (60.0) 11,140 (25.3) 7,011 (72.3) 12,246 (43.0) 98,549 (38.3)
Nurse/Midwife/HW 14,002 (40.5) 14,916 (55.9) 27,615 (36.2) 13,736 (36.6) 11,691 (26.5) 2,641 (27.2) 511 (1.8) 85,112 (33.1)
TBA 15,749 (45.6) 6,954 (26.1) 1,867 (2.4) 1,015 (2.7) 20,400 (46.3) 2 (0.0) 15,616 (54.9) 61,603 (24.0)
Family/Other 4,206 (12.2) 4,263 (16.0) 2,310 (3.0) 237 (0.6) 810 (1.8) 42 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 11,951 (4.6)
Live births (neonates), N 34,931 26,875 76,782 37,714 44,472 9,763 28,624 259,161
Multiple birth, N (%) 740 (2.1) 398 (1.5) 940 (1.2) 474 (1.3) 878 (2.0) 124 (1.3) 345 (1.2) 3,899 (1.5)
Male gender, N (%) 17,653 (50.5) 14,126 (52.6) 39,775 (51.8) 19,612 (52.0) 23,220 (52.2) 5,040 (51.7) 14,549 (50.8) 133,975 (51.7)
Birth weight 34,902 26,871 76,770 37,700 44,413 9,756 28,621 259,033
< 1000g 3 (0.0) 11 (0.0) 33 (0.0) 5 (0.0) 14 (0.0) 16 (0.2) 16 (0.1) 98 (0.0)
1000-1499g 24 (0.1) 42 (0.2) 289 (0.4) 152 (0.4) 209 (0.5) 34 (0.3) 81 (0.3) 831 (0.3)
1500-2499g 836 (2.4) 1,151 (4.3) 9,396 (12.2) 5,128 (13.6) 5,990 (13.5) 483 (5.0) 3,355 (11.7) 26,339 (10.2)
≥ 2500g 34,039 (97.5) 25,667 (95.5) 67,052 (87.3) 32,415 (86.0) 38,200 (86.0) 9,223 (94.5) 25,169 (87.9) 231,765 (89.5)
Bag and mask resuscitation, N (%) 531 (1.5) 460 (1.7) 2,688 (3.5) 1,034 (2.8) 2,027 (4.6) 369 (3.8) 285 (1.0) 7,394 (2.9)
Baby placed on mother's chest after delivery, N (%) 20,231 (58.2) 20,853 (78.6) 43,337 (58.6) 23,066 (62.5) 2,920 (6.6) 7,563 (78.5) 14,602 (51.4) 132,572 (52.1)