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Table 4 Perceived causes of ‘pre-eclampsia’ and ‘eclampsia’

From: Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia in rural Karnataka State, India: a qualitative study

Causes of ‘pre-eclampsia’ Malnutrition Martial problems Stress Tension
Changes in body system Medication side-effect Poor adherence to medication Lack of regular check-ups
Lack of physical activity Short temper Poverty Poor diet
Home remedies Reduced blood Lack of water Worries related to sex of baby
Family problems Anaemia   
Causes of ‘eclampsia’ Anaemia Lack of energy Hereditary Blood pressure
Poor adherence to medication Malnutrition Exposure to fire, water or heat Lack of regular check-ups
Lack of Tetanus Toxoid vaccination Tension Child marriage Exposure to cold
Fear