Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of focus group participants

From: Utilization of maternal health care services and their determinants in Karnataka State, India

# N participants Age (yr) Occupation Child <5 yr Pregnant Education Relationship to woman
   Median [range] 1. Housewife
2. Labourer
3. Employee
4. Self-employed
5. Other
   1. No formal schooling, cannot read or write
2. No formal schooling, can read and write
3. Primary school incomplete
4. Primary school complete
5. Secondary school incomplete
6. Secondary school complete
7. Pre-university incomplete
8. Pre-university complete
9. University incomplete
10. University complete
11. Postgraduate
12. Don’t know
1. Husband
2. Father
3. Father-in-law
4. Mother-in-law
5. Mother
6. Other
Community leaders
1 7 36 [31,48] 1 = (N = 1) Not asked Not asked 1 = (N = 1) Not asked
2 = (N = 6) 6 = (N = 1)
8 = (N = 2)
10 = (N = 3)
2 10 36 [24,51] 1 = (N = 3) Not asked Not asked 1 = (N = 1) Not asked
4 = (N = 3) 3 = (N = 1)
5 = (N = 4) 4 = (N = 1)
5 = (N = 1)
6 = (N = 3)
8 = (N = 1)
9 = (N = 1)
10 = (N = 1)
3 10 Not known Not known Not asked Not asked Not known Not asked
Male decision-makers
1 8 26 [18,57] 2 = (N = 4) Not applicable Not applicable 1 = (N = 4) 1 = (N = 4)
3 = (N = 1) 3 = (N = 2) 3 = (N = 2)
4 = (N = 1) 6 = (N = 2) 6 = (N = 2)
5 = (N = 2)
2 11 49 [33,59] 3 = (N = 2) Not applicable Not applicable 3 = (N = 4) 2 = (N = 4)
5 = (N = 9) 5 = (N = 1) 3 = (N = 3)
6 = (N = 1) 6 = (N = 4)
10 = (N = 1)
12 = (N = 4)
Female decision-makers
1 10 45 [30,60] 1 = (N = 9) Not applicable Not applicable 1 = (N = 8) 4 = (N = 6)
2 = (N = 1) 4 = (N = 2) 5 = (N = 2)
6 = (N = 2)
2 18 45 [28,65] 1 = (N = 5) Not applicable Not applicable 1 = (N = 3) Not known
3 = (N = 1) 2 = (N = 1)
4 = (N = 1) 3 = (N = 1)
5 = (N = 11) 12 = (N = 13)
3 13 48 [30,65] 1 = (N = 13) Not applicable Not applicable 3 = (N = 1) 4 = (N = 7)
5 = (N = 1) 5 = (N = 1)
12 = (N = 11) 6 (N = 5)
Women of reproductive age
1 55 Not known Not known Not known Not known Not known Not known
2 16 25 [20,30] 1 = (N = 16) 56 % 75 % 3 = (N = 3) Not applicable
4 = (N = 1)
5 = (N = 1)
6 = (N = 2)
8 = (N = 2)
10 = (N = 1)
12 = (N = 6)
3 14 23 [18,30] 1 = (N = 9) 36 % 86 % 1 = (N = 3) Not applicable
2 = (N = 5) 3 = (N = 3)
4 = (N = 1)
5 = (N = 1)
6 = (N = 3)
8 = (N = 2)
10 = (N = 1)
4 17 Not known 1 = (N = 17) 88 % 100 % Not known Not applicable
5 14 22 [18,58] 1 = (N = 12) 71 % 50 % 3 = (N = 3) Not applicable
3 = (N = 2) 5 = (N = 3)
6 = (N = 3)
10 = (N = 2)
12 = (N = 3)
6 16 20 [19,26] 1 = (N = 16) 69 % 63 % 3 = (N = 7) Not applicable
4 = (N = 4)
5 = (N = 1)
6 = (N = 3)
8 = (N = 1)
Auxiliary nurse midwives and staff nurses
1 8 36 [24,56] Not known Not asked Not asked 6 = (N = 3) Not applicable
8 = (N = 1)
10 = (N = 1)
11 = (N = 3)
2 9 41 [23,58] 5 = (N = 9) Not asked Not asked 6 = (N = 2) Not applicable
7 = (N = 1)
8 = (N = 3)
10 = (N = 3)
3 19 39 [25,58] SN (N = 7) Not asked Not asked Not known Not applicable
ANM (N = 10)
4 12 30 [24,53] SN (N = 4) Not asked Not asked Not known Not applicable
ANM (N = 4)
Accredited social health activists
1 10 32 [26,36] Not known Not asked Not asked Not known Not applicable
2 11 Not known Not known Not asked Not asked Not known Not applicable
3 15 Not known ASHA (N = 15) Not asked Not asked Not known Not applicable
4 17 33 [21,44] ASHA (N = 17) Not asked Not asked Not known Not applicable
Medical officers
1 15 Not known Not asked Not asked Not asked Not asked Not applicable