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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for having awareness on abortion law of the country among female youth by selected predictors

From: Knowledge on legislation of abortion and experience of abortion among female youth in Nepal: A cross sectional study

Predictors Crude Adjusted
OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Had an abortion
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 3.6*** 2.2 5.9 2.938*** 1.724 5.004
Age group
 15-19 1.00    1.00   
 20-24 1.11 0.99 1.24 1.283** 1.105 1.489
Ethnicity
 Brahmin/Chhetri 1.00    1.00   
 Janajati .616*** .540 .702 .719*** .619 .836
 Dalit .318*** .264 .384 .552*** .450 .678
 Other .168*** .134 .212 .332*** .250 .441
Education level
 No education 1.00    1.00   
 Primary 2.3*** 1.796 2.945 1.894*** 1.460 2.457
 Secondary or above 7.18*** 5.835 8.848 4.651*** 3.654 5.920
Marital status
 Never married 1.00    1.00   
 Ever married 0.69*** 0.62 0.78 .801* .658 .975
Number of children ever born (CEB)
 None 1.00    1.00   
 1-2 .812** .718 .919 1.155 .946 1.410
 3 or more .348*** .246 .493 1.081 .706 1.654
Religion
 Hindu 1.00    1.00   
 Buddhist 0.89 0.73 1.08 .875 .700 1.093
 Muslim 0.14** 0.86 0.22 .540* .312 .934
 Kirat/Christian 1.12 0.81 1.54 .976 .694 1.373
Ecological zone
 Mountain 1.00    1.00   
 Hill .863 .680 1.096 .632** .487 .819
 Terai .777* .615 .982 .744* .568 .973
Place of residence
 Urban 1.00    1.00   
 Rural 0.72*** 0.61 0.85 1.104 .916 1.331
Wealth index
 Poor 1.00    1.00   
 Middle 1.235** 1.053 1.448 1.067 .892 1.276
 Rich 2.426*** 2.128 2.765 1.467*** 1.234 1.743
Autonomy in household decision
 No autonomy 1.00    1.00   
 Moderate autonomy (involved in 1-2 issues) 1.060 .908 1.237 1.015 .823 1.250
 High autonomy (involved in all 3 issues) 1.169* 1.092 1.396 1.295* 1.023 1.640
Physical violence by husband/partner
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes .320*** .224 .457 .543 .266 1.108
Emotional violence by husband/partner
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes .416*** .284 .610 .923 .481 1.771
Sexual violence by husband/partner
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes .367*** .233 .579 .768 .390 1.512
Constant   .297***
-2 Log likelihood 6023.9
Cox & Snell R Square .149
  1. Note *** p < 0.001, ** = p < 0.01, and * = p < 0.05