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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for having had an abortion among female youth by selected predictors

From: Knowledge on legislation of abortion and experience of abortion among female youth in Nepal: A cross sectional study

Predictors Crude Adjusted
OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
lower Upper lower Upper
Knowledge on abortion law
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 3.626** 2.204 5.967 2.771*** 1.610 4.771
Age group
 15-19 1.00    1.00   
 20-24 5.883*** 3.242 10.675 1.142 .589 2.214
Ethnicity
 Brahmin/Chhetri 1.00    1.00   
 Janajati 1.082 .649 1.804 1.374 .768 2.459
 Dalit .986 .495 1.965 1.428 .668 3.055
 Other .303* .092 .993 .392 .082 1.861
Education level
 No education 1.00    1.00   
 Primary 5.655** 1.818 17.587 5.186** 1.584 16.978
 Secondary or above 3.973* 1.349 11.694 3.823* 1.146 12.752
Marital status
 Never married     1.00   
 Ever married 8.356 5.378 13.227 7.709*** 3.762 12.964
Number of children ever born (CEB)
 None 1.00    1.00   
 1-2 8.243*** 4.663 14.569 1.957* 1.051 3.644
 3 or more 5.698** 2.064 15.729 3.462** 1.092 10.970
Religion
 Hindu 1.00    1.00   
 Buddhist 1.175 .564 2.448 1.154 .503 2.647
 Muslim .370 .059 2.298 2.374 .226 24.890
 Kirat/Christian 1.073 .303 3.805 .903 .237 3.439
Ecological zone
 Mountain 1.00    1.00   
 Hill 1.569 .500 4.928 1.144 .343 3.811
 Terai 1.456 .469 4.521 1.094 .324 3.689
Place of residence
 Urban 1.00    1.00   
 Rural .572* .330 .993 .702 .375 1.313
Wealth index
 Poor 1.00    1.00   
 Middle .945 .412 2.169 .982 .406 2.374
 Rich 2.871*** 1.619 5.089 2.617** 1.254 5.460
Autonomy in household decision
 No autonomy 1.00    1.00   
 Moderate autonomy (involved in 1-2 issues) 7.539*** 3.999 14.216 1.624 .828 3.183
 High autonomy (involved in all 3 issues) 15.281*** 8.375 27.881 3.005** 1.568 5.759
Physical violence by husband/partner
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 1.508 .577 3.938 .481 .108 2.133
Emotional violence by husband/partner
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 2.160 .839 5.557 .827 .184 3.708
Sexual violence by husband/partner
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 2.833* 1.084 7.402 1.906* 1.017 8.722
Constant   0.01***
-2 Log likelihood 595.17
Cox & Snell R Square .038
  1. Note *** p < 0.001, ** = p < 0.01, and * = p < 0.05