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Table 2 Characteristics of Study Population by Cluster

From: Primary and secondary three-month outcomes of a cluster-randomized trial of home-based postpartum contraceptive delivery in southwest Trifinio, Guatemala

  Total Population (n = 208) Control Clusters [4] (n = 100, 48.1%) Intervention Clusters [4] (n = 108, 51.9%)
Sociodemographic Characteristics
 Age in years (median IQR) 21.8 [18.7,25.4] 21.9 [18.8,25.4] 21.8 [18.7,25.5]
 Missing 3 (1.4%) 1 (1.0%) 2 (1.9%)
 Education
  None 17 (8.2%) 8 (8.0%) 9 (8.3%)
  Any 188 (90.4%) 91 (91.0%) 97 (89.8%)
  Missing 3 (1.4%) 1 (1.0%) 2 (1.9%)
 Married
  Yes 183 (88.0%) 88 (88.0%) 95 (87.9%)
  No 23 (11.1%) 12 (12.0%) 11 (10.2%)
  Missing 2 (0.9%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.9%)
Obstetric and Antepartum Characteristics
 Parity
  1 81 (38.9%) 39 (39.0%) 42 (38.8%)
  2 59 (28.3%) 31 (31.0%) 28 (25.9%)
  3 33 (15.9%) 15 (15.0%) 18 (16.7%)
  4+ 33 (15.9%) 15 (15.0%) 18 (16.7%)
  Missing 2 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.9%)
 Number of Madres Sanas Prenatal Visits
   < 4 28 (13.4%) 13 (13.0%) 15 (13.9%)
  4+ 169 (81.3%) 82 (82.0%) 87 (80.6%)
  Missing 11 (5.3%) 5 (5.0%) 6 (5.5%)
Delivery Characteristics
 Mode of Delivery
  Vaginal Birth 127 (61.0%) 63 (63.0%) 64 (59.3%)
  Cesarean Birth 69 (33.2%) 31 (31.0%) 38 (35.2%)
  Missing 12 (5.8%) 6 (6.0%) 6 (5.5%)
 Location of Delivery
  Home, Private Clinic, or Other 91 (43.7%) 42 (42.0%) 49 (45.4%)
  Facility (Hospital) 106 (51.0%) 53 (53.0%) 53 (49.1%)
  Missing 11 (5.3%) 5 (5.0%) 6 (5.5%)
 Birth Attendant
  Comadrona (TBA, “unskilled”) 61 (29.3%) 29 (29.0%) 32 (29.6%)
  Nurse or Physician (“skilled”) 135 (64.9%) 64 (64.0%) 71 (65.7%)
  Missing or “I don’t know” 12 (5.8%) 7 (7.0%) 5 (4.6%)
 Birthweight at Delivery
  ≤ 2500 g 28 (13.5%) 10 (10.0%) 18 (16.7%)
  2500 g+ 161 (77.4%) 81 (81.0%) 80 (74.0%)
  Missing 19 (9.1%) 9 (9.0%) 10 (9.3%)
Postpartum Characteristics
 Sex of Infant
  Male 92 (44.2%) 40 (40.0%) 52 (48.2%)
  Female 101 (48.6%) 53 (53.0%) 48 (44.4%)
  Missing 15 (7.2%) 7 (7.0%) 8 (7.4%)
 Infant Outcome
  Macerated Stillbirth 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
  Fresh Stillbirth 2 (1.0%) 1 (1.0%) 1 (0.9%)
  Born Alive, died before 72-h visit 2 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.8%)
  Born Alive, alive at 72-h visit 194 (93.3%) 94 (94.0%) 100 (92.6%)
  Missing 10 (4.7%) 5 (5.0%) 5 (4.7%)
 Infant Status at 40 days Postpartum    
  Alive 197 (94.7%) 95 (95.0%) 102 (94.4%)
  Dead 2 (1.0%) 1 (1.0%) 1 (0.9%)
  Missing 9 (4.3%) 4 (4.0%) 5 (4.7%)
 Sexual Activity Since Birth    
  Yes 16 (7.7%) 6 (6.0%) 10 (9.3%)
  No 181 (87.05%) 91 (91.0%) 90 (83.3%)
  Missing 11 (5.3%) 3 (3.0%) 8 (7.4%)
 Desired Timeframe Until Next Pregnancy
  Approximately 2 years 1 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.9%)
  Approximately 3 years 8 (3.8%) 4 (4.0%) 4 (3.7%)
   > 3 years 71 (34.1%) 30 (30.0%) 41 (38.0%)
  I don’t know 44 (21.2%) 21 (21.0%) 23 (21.3%)
  No more children desired 77 (37.0%) 42 (42.0%) 35 (32.4%)
  Missing 7 (3.4%) 3 (3.0%) 4 (3.7%)
  1. Note: no bivariate comparisons using a generalized liner model mixed effects regression adjusted for cluster were significant, pvalues not shown