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Table 2 Individual level sample characteristics for women of reproductive age by modern contraceptive use status

From: Women’s empowerment, intrahousehold influences, and health system design on modern contraceptive use in rural Mali: a multilevel analysis of cross-sectional survey data

Individual level characteristic Modern users
N = 626
Non modern users
N = 13,357
All women
N = 14,032
n % n % n %
Age       
 15–19 49 7.8 1770 13.3 1839 13.1
 20–24 138 22.0 2232 16.7 2377 16.9
 25–29 120 19.2 2620 19.6 2746 19.6
 30–34 135 21.6 2308 17.3 2447 17.4
 35–39 99 15.8 1894 14.2 2998 14.2
 40–44 58 9.3 1440 10.8 1499 10.7
 45–49 27 4.3 1093 8.2 1126 8.0
Number of living children       
 Median/IQR 3 1, 5 3 1, 5 3 1, 5
 None 76 12.1 2284 17.1 2376 16.9
 1–2 184 29.4 3656 27.4 3858 27.5
 3–4 157 25.1 3513 26.3 3674 26.2
 5–6 128 20.5 2555 19.1 2688 19.2
 7 +  79 12.6 1331 10.0 1416 10.1
 Missing 2 0.3 18 0.1 20 0.1
Ethnicity       
 Dogon 585 93.5 12,024 90.0 12,646 90.1
 Peulh 14 2.2 1012 7.6 1036 7.4
 Other 27 4.3 320 2.4 350 2.5
Religion       
 Muslim 597 95.4 13,087 98.0 13,732 97.9
 Catholic 19 3.0 162 1.2 181 1.3
 Other 10 1.6 108 0.8 119 0.9
Marital status       
 Never married 36 5.8 1131 8.5 1179 8.4
 Divorced/widowed 4 0.6 158 1.2 162 1.2
 Polygynous marriage 246 39.3 5141 38.5 5409 38.6
 Monogamous marriage 340 54.3 6917 51.8 7272 51.8
 Married, arrangement unspecified 0 0 10 0.1 10 0.1
Education       
 None 457 73.0 12,016 90.0 12,515 89.2
 Primary 120 19.2 1191 8.9 1318 9.4
 Secondary or higher 47 7.5 134 1.0 181 1.3
 Missing 2 0.3 16 0.1 18 0.1
Participates in paid labor       
 No 458 73.2 11,608 86.9 12,111 86.3
 Yes 168 26.8 1746 13.1 1917 13.7
 Missing 0 0 3 0.0 4 0.0
Mobility       
 Been to no place 241 38.5 4517 33.8 4767 34.0
 Been to some/all places but none alone 90 14.4 2404 18.0 2498 17.8
 Been to some places alone 196 31.3 3870 29.0 4094 29.2
 Been to all places alone 97 15.5 2532 19.0 2634 18.8
 Missing 2 0.3 34 0.3 39 0.3
Tolerant attitudes for spousal violence       
 Never tolerated 168 26.8 3677 27.5 3853 27.5
 Sometimes tolerated 280 44.7 5680 42.5 5991 42.7
 Always tolerated 163 26.0 3519 26.4 3687 26.3
 Missing 15 2.4 481 3.6 501 3.6
Decision-making       
 Not involved in any domains 421 67.3 9747 73.0 10,210 72.8
 Involved in some domains 142 22.7 2318 17.4 2465 17.6
 Involved/independent in all domains 61 9.7 1242 9.3 1204 9.3
 Missing 2 0.3 50 0.4 53 0.4