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Table 4 Methods and characteristics of contraceptive use among women of reproductive age

From: Women’s empowerment, intrahousehold influences, and health system design on modern contraceptive use in rural Mali: a multilevel analysis of cross-sectional survey data

Method Current utilization Last procurement for current method
n % Median lengtha of use in months (IQR) Median costa,d in USD (IQR) Sitea %
PHC Othere health sector Outsidef health sector
Any method 635 4.5b 14 (8, 34) 0.81 (0.32, 1.61) 78.4 13.6 8.1
 Traditional method 9 1.4 21 (13, 22) 1.21 (0.40, 2.54) 87.5 0 12.5
 Modernc method 626 98.6 14 (8, 34) 0.81 (0.32, 1.61) 78.2 13.8 8.0
  Injectable 311 49.7 14 (7.5, 34) 0.81 (0.81, 1.61) 82.0 10.9 7.1
  Implant 164 26.2 13 (7, 33) 1.21 (0.00, 4.03) 78.7 17.7 3.7
  OCP 96 15.3 17 (8, 47) 0.16 (0.16, 0.81) 64.6 15.6 19.8
  IUD 32 5.1 16.5 (11.5, 37) 0.81 (0.16, 3.23) 80.7 16.1 3.2
  Other modern 23 3.7 17.5 (9, 25) 1.21 (0.00 1.61) 78.3 13.0 8.7
  1. aSummary statistics are among those with complete/non-missing length or cost or site data. Missing year of initiation data: N = 13 total users; N = 7 OCP users; N = 3 injectable users; N = 2 implant users; N = 1 other modern method users. Missing cost of method: N = 17 total users; N = 6 implant users; N = 4 IUD users; N = 3 injectable users; N = 2 other modern method users; N = 1 OCP users; N = 1 traditional method users. Missing location of last procurement: N = 2 total users; N = 1 IUD users; N = 1 traditional method users
  2. bPercentage among the 13,983 women (99.6% of the 14,032 in the sample population) who had complete/non-missing outcome data on contraceptive use. Percentage ranged by health catchment area: 1.5% in Soubala; 2.8% in Dimbal; 3.9% in Doundé; 4.5% in Koulongon; 5.2% in Lessagou; 9.4% in Kanibozon; 12.2% in Ende
  3. cModern is defined according to WHO definition, which includes male and female sterilisation, intrauterine device (IUD), implant, injectable, oral contraceptive pill (OCP), male and female condom, diaphragm, jelly, cycle beads, and lactational amenorrhea method (LAM)
  4. dCost converted at the approximate rate at the time of the survey: 620FCFA per 1USD
  5. eThe majority procured from the district referral hospital in Bankass (41.9%; 36/86) or CHW (34.9%; 30/86) or private clinic (11.6%; 10/86)
  6. fThe majority procured from home (43.1%; 22/51) or black market vendors (25.5%; 13/51) or boutiques (13.7%; 7/51)