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Table 1 Pattern matching table of causes of kunika

From: Causes of short birth interval (kunika) in Bauchi State, Nigeria: systematizing local knowledge with fuzzy cognitive mapping

Categories of causes of kunika Composite map Women’s maps Men’s maps LGA maps State maps
CNI # of maps CNI # of maps CNI # of maps CNI # of maps CNI # of maps
Total maps - 24 - 12 - 12 - 1 - 1
Frequent sex and factors encouraging this 0.78 (1) 24 0.74 (2) 12 0.62 (1) 12 0.40 1 0.07 1
Family dynamics 0.59 (2) 24 0.99 (1) 12 0.22 (2) 12 0.15 1 0.44 (1) 1
Not using modern methods of family planning 0.26 (3) 23 0.40 (3) 12 0.12 (3) 11 0.50 (2) 1 0.07 1
Lack of awareness about family planning and fear of side effects 0.13 (4) 20 0.15 11 0.09 (4) 9 0.50 (2) 1 0.14 (2) 1
Use of force or coercion 0.11 14 0.23 (4) 11 0.02 3 0.25 1 0.04 1
Not using non-invasive family planning methods 0.11 16 0.18 10 0.04 6 0.00 0 0.00 0
Lack of use of health services 0.08 16 0.07 7 0.06 9 0.60 (1) 1 0.00 1
Negative socio-economic conditions 0.07 11 0.03 2 0.08 9 0.10 1 0.13 (3) 1
Belief in faith and fate 0.07 15 0.08 7 0.05 8 0.15 1 0.06 1
Ineffective family planning 0.06 7 0.10 5 0.03 2 0.00 0 0.00 0
Lack of awareness about kunika 0.06 8 0.03 1 0.06 7 0.25 1 0.07 1
Lack of male involvement 0.05 11 0.12 11 0.00 0 0.50 (2) 1 0.06 1
Fertility, including fertility after giving birth 0.05 10 0.09 7 0.01 3 0.15 1 0.07 1
Lack of spousal communication about family planning 0.04 7 0.02 2 0.03 5 0.20 1 0.07 1
Lack of stigma around kunika 0.01 3 0.00 0 0.02 3 0.35 1 0.07 1
  1. The numbers in brackets indicate the ranking for the first four most influential categories for each stakeholder group
  2. CNI: cumulative net influence on kunika