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Table 2 Obstetric characteristics, birth preparedness plan practice and use of MWHs among the participants in Arba Minch Zuria district 2019 (n = 807)

From: Maternity waiting homes as component of birth preparedness and complication readiness for rural women in hard-to-reach areas in Ethiopia

Variables Categories Frequency Percent
Age at first marriage  < 18 189 23.4
≥18 618 76.6
Age at first pregnancy  < 18 62 7.7
 ≤18 745 92.3
Parity Primi-Para (1) 11 1.4
Multi-para (2–4) 417 51.7
Grand multipara (≥ 5) 379 46.9
Pregnant during study period No 751 93.2
Yes 55 6.8
History of neonatal death No 735 91.1
Yes 72 8.9
Family sizea ≤4 494 61.2
5–6 243 30.1
≥7 70 8.7
History of family planning use Currently using 393 48.7
Never used 244 30.2
Used in the past 170 21.1
BPCR planb Not prepared 636 78.8
Prepared 171 21.2
ANC visits No visit 101 12.5
ANC 1–3 333 41.3
ANC 4 +  373 46.2
Place of ANC Health centers 199 28.2
Health posts 501 71.0
Hospital 6 0.8
Decision maker for obstetric care seeking Husband/partner 138 17.1
Jointly 634 78.6
Respondent 35 4.3
Place of last birth Home 504 62.0
Health facility 303 38.0
Mode of delivery Cesarean delivery 21 2.6
Vaginal delivery 786 97.4
Previous complications during childbirth No 766 94.9
Yes 41 5.1
Seek treatment for the complications from health facilities No 7 17.1
Yes 34 82.9
Travel time to the nearest health institution  < 2 h 658 82
 > 2 h 149 18
Difficulty to get emergency transport Difficult 354 43.9
Easy 130 16.1
Very difficult 323 40.0
MWH Awareness No 278 34.5
Yes 529 65.5
Sources of information Community leaders 68 12.8
Health extension workers 324 61.2
Health facility staff 124 23.4
Other 14 2.6
MWH location No 288 35.7
Yes 519 64.3
MWH stay (users) No 739 91.6
Yes 68 8.4
  1. aNumber of individuals in a household
  2. bBPCR plan: To measure birth plan practices of the study subjects, participants were asked the five basic components of birth plan practice based on their importance (planned to save money to the childbirth, planned to arrange transport, identified place to give birth, identified skilled attendant and identified blood donor for their last pregnancy) and a woman was considered as “prepared” for birth and its complication if she reported at least three of the five basic components