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Table 5 Univariate models assessing association between selected variables and PFDI-201, UDI-62, PFIQ-73 scores

From: A cross-sectional study on pelvic floor symptoms in women living with Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

Variables PFDI-201 UDI-62 PFIQ-72
Mean ± SD (Me: p25-p75) p-value Mean ± SD (Me: p25-p75) p-value Mean ± SD (Me: p25-p75) p-value
Type of FGM/C   0.282   0.323   0.136
 III 53.7 ± 57.0 (26.1: 12.5–84.6)   21.0 ± 25.3 (10.4: 0.0–33.4)   46.6 ± 56.5 (21.5: 0.0–90.5)  
 I, II 43.4 ± 43.4 (28.2: 10.5–68.7)   17.0 ± 20.4 (12.5: 0.0–20.8)   32.0 ± 48.2 (9.5: 0.0–47.6)  
Type of FGM/C   0.067   0.115   0.213
 Infibulated 63.4 ± 68.2 (26.1: 13.5–84.6)   25.0 ± 27.4 (12.5: 3.1–50.0)   50.5 ± 62.2 (9.5: 0.0–90.5)  
 Non-infibulated 44.3 ± 43.7 (26.6: 20.5–75)   17.5 ± 21.6 (10.4: 0.0–25.0)   37.0 ± 49.9 (19.0: 0.0–57.1)  
Age at FGM/C   0.516   0.247   0.019
  < 1 year old 38.5 ± 40.0 (25.0: 7.3–68.7)   14.5 ± 19.7 (4.2: 0.0–20.8)   22.7 ± 34.4 (4.8: 0.0–28.6)  
 1–5 years old 61.7 ± 65.0 (30.8: 13.6–103.7)   22.2 ± 27.0 (12.5: 2.1–31.3)   33.3 ± 42.2 (21.5: 7.1–31.0)  
 6–10 years old 50.5 ± 52.1 (36.5: 13.0–76.1)   19.7 ± 23.7 (8.3: 0.0–31.3)   46.7 ± 56.9 (19.0: 0.0–81.0)  
  > 10 years old 81.6 ± 72.7 (65.6: 10.4–170.8)   32.2 ± 30.7 (16.6: 4.2–66.6)   80.6 ± 73.7 (90.5: 9.5–128.6)  
 Unknown/no answer 40.5 ± 41.7 (18.8: 14.6–66.7)   19.1 ± 21.2 (12.5: 4.2–20.8)   44.1 ± 59.7 (19.1: 0.0–57.2)  
Past violent events   0.001   0.002   0.001
 Yes 66.9 ± 57.3 (52.1: 17.7–107.3)   26.6 ± 25.7 (16.6: 4.2–52.1)   58.4 ± 59.3 (48.4: 2.4–100.0)  
 None/no answer 35.2 ± 42.6 (17.2: 6.8–54.7)   13.8 ± 19.8 (4.2: 0.0–16.7)   26.2 ± 43.7 (4.8: 0.0–31.0)  
Time in Switzerland   0.346   0.835   0.010
  < 6 months 79.3 ± 71.1 (73.2: 18.8–87.5)   25.8 ± 27.3 (16.7: 4.2–41.7)   89.5 ± 65.8 (95.3: 23.8–133.3)  
 6–12 months 46.1 ± 51.4 (28.7: 13.5–67.8)   16.2 ± 19.6 (8.3: 4.2–20.8)   36.0 ± 51.1 (7.2: 0.0–80.9)  
 12–60 months 44.1 ± 45.8 (22.9: 14.6–68.7)   19.2 ± 23.8 (12.5: 0.0–29.2)   42.9 ± 61.7 (9.5: 0.0–57.1)  
  > 5 years 50.2 ± 53.3 (25.0: 8.3–79.1)   19.9 ± 24.0 (8.3: 0.0–33.3)   29.9 ± 35.5 (19.0: 0.0–52.4)  
Age in categories   0.001   0.004   0.999
  < 25 36.3 ± 31.5 (26.1: 4.2–66.7)   13.9 ± 19.9 (4.2: 0.0–16.6)   37.5 ± 52.6 (0.0: 0.0–81.0)  
 25–35 40.4 ± 42.9 (18.8: 12.5–67.8)   15.9 ± 20.4 (8.3: 0.0–20.8)   43.0 ± 57.3 (14.3: 0.0–81.0)  
  ≥ 35 76.5 ± 68.6 (67.7: 12.5–129.2)   30.5 ± 27.9 (22.9: 4.2–58.3)   38.5 ± 47.8 (23.8: 0.0–57.2)  
Dichotomized BMI   0.006   0.011   0.390
  < 25.0 39.4 ± 40.3 (23.0: 9.4–66.2)   15.3 ± 20.1 (8.3: 0.0–18.8)   37.4 ± 49.3 (11.9: 0.0–57.2)  
  ≥ 25.0 65.5 ± 63.8 (39.1: 13.5–108.2)   26.2 ± 26.8 (16.7: 2.1–50.0)   45.9 ± 60.0 (19.1: 0.0–81.0)  
Ongoing pregnancy   0.153   0.044   0.085
 No 54.4 ± 55.7 (35.5: 13.5–77.1)   22.6 ± 25.5 (12.5: 0.0–34.4)   46.8 ± 57.3 (23.8: 0.0–81)  
 Yes 40.3 ± 43.3 (17.7: 8.3–70.8)   13.8 ± 17.9 (8.3: 0.0–20.8)   29.3 ± 44.3 (9.5: 0.0–47.6)  
Parity   0.575   0.628   0.010
 Nulliparous 53.3 ± 58.4 (32.4: 14.6–69.3)   20.5 ± 25.0 (10.4: 0.0–25.0)   57.6 ± 56.1 (42.9: 0.0–90.5)  
 Primiparous 47.5 ± 42.5 (26.1: 12.5–75.0)   20.4 ± 20.4 (12.5: 4.2–29.2)   33.5 ± 55.7 (4.7: 0.0–47.6)  
 Multiparous 47.2 ± 51.9 (18.8: 8.3–84.6)   18.1 ± 24.2 (4.2: 0.0–33.3)   29.0 ± 46.1 (9.5: 0.0–44.4)  
Previous episiotomy   0.464   0.231   0.521
 No 47.8 ± 53.0 (26.0: 10.4–70.8)   18.2 ± 22.7 (8.3: 0.0–25.0)   43.1 ± 55.0 (19.0: 0.0–81.0)  
 Yes 51.1 ± 49.3 (26.1: 12.5–94.8)   21.2 ± 24.0 (12.5: 0.0–33.3)   35.8 ± 51.6 (9.5: 0.0–57.2)  
 Unknown 88.0 ± 81.7 (88.0: 30.2–145.8)   43.8 ± 44.2 (43.8: 12.5–75.0)   39.6 ± 56.0 (39.6: 0.0–79.2)
  1. p-values from linear regression models (univariate analyses)
  2. Other tested variables not shown in the table: previous reinfibulation, origin, smoking, coffee consumption
  3. 1Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory
  4. 2Urinary Distress Inventory
  5. 3Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire