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Table 3 Health care providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice towards family planning and PPIUD (N = 96)

From: Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practice of health providers towards the provision of postpartum intrauterine devices in Nepal: a two-year follow-up

Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of providers on PPIUD Baseline (pre-intervention) % (N) 6 months (after intervention) % (N) 24 months (after intervention) % (N) P-value‡ (baseline to 6 months) P-value‡ (6 months to 24 months)
Knows correctly a women’s chance of getting pregnant while using copper IUD 45.8 (44) 59.4 (57) 38.5 (37) 0.055 0.014*
Knows correctly how long a woman can continually use the same copper IUD without removing 78.1 (75) 95.8 (92) 100 (96)  < 0.001*** 0.125
Knows correctly how soon a woman can get pregnant after removal of copper IUD 63.5 (61) 92.7 (89) 95.8 (92)  < 0.001*** 0.508
Knows correctly that IUD cannot protect women from STIs 99.0 (95) 100 (96) 99.0 (95) 1.000 1.000
Recommend PPIUD to different groups of women
Recommend PPIUD to women less than 20 years 61.5 (59) 87.5 (84) 93.8 (90)  < 0.001*** 0.146
Recommend PPIUD to women aged 20–29 99.0 (95) 100 (96) 100 (96) 1.000
Recommend PPIUD to women aged 30–39 97.9 (94) 100 (96) 99.0 (95) 0.500 1.000
Recommend PPIUD to women aged 40 and above 34.4 (33) 83.3 (80) 86.5 (83)  < 0.001*** 0.664
Recommend PPIUD to unmarried women 17.7 (17) 41.7 (40) 77.1 (74)  < 0.001***  < 0.001***
Recommend PPIUD to women who have had an abortion 81.3 (78) 94.8 (91) 95.8 (92) 0.007** 1.000
Recommend PPIUD to women who have had an ectopic pregnancy 8.3 (8) 19.8 (19) 45.8 (44) 0.013*  < 0.001***
Practice of FP and PPIUD
 Provide general counseling for FP 70.8 (68) 99.0 (95) 99.0 (95)  < 0.001*** 1.000
 Provide PPIUD counseling 10.4 (10) 94.8 (91) 99.0 (95)  < 0.001*** 0.219
 Provide PPIUD insertion/removal 9.4 (9) 82.3 (79) 99.0 (95)  < 0.001***  < 0.001***
 Providers who deemed IUD the best FP method for women after childbirth 79.2 (76) 97.9 (94) 99.0 (95)  < 0.001*** 1.000
 Providers who deemed IUD the best FP method for women overall 83.3 (80) 91.7 (88) 99.0 (95) 0.115 0.039*
 Providers who thought it important to protect women from another pregnancy during 1 year postpartum period 33.3 (32) 31.3 (30) 34.4 (33) 0.877 0.779
  1. ‡McNemar Test
  2. *P-value < 0.05, **P-value < 0.01, ***P-value < 0.001
  3. FP family planning, IUD intrauterine device, PPIUD postpartum intrauterine device, STIs sexually transmitted infections