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Table 2 A summary of results and interventions from the included articles

From: Reproductive health interventions for Inuit youth in the north: a scoping review

Author(s) / year Adolescent specific? Setting Sample/ population Topic of article Focus of results Description of intervention/ research
Cardinal (2018) [2] No Northern Canada Women of child-bearing age in northern Canadian communities Northern midwifery Review, not empirical research study. Author promotes northern midwifery and education of midwives Community-based and midwifery-driven primary health care, in order to improve Indigenous reproductive health in the north
Cavanaugh (2009) [3] No Northern Canada Women of child-bearing age in northern Canadian communities Fetal fibronectin tests for identifying high-risk pregnancies The use of fetal fibronectin tests to prevent unnecessary travel to give birth Using the fetal fibronectin test as a method of intervention to reduce the number of “low-risk” pregnancies being evacuated to the south
Chamberlain et al. (2001) [4] No Northern Canada Nulliparous pregnant mothers in Iqaluit, Nunavut Northern birthing centres Comparing mothers’ birthing experience in Community A versus Community B The establishment and effectiveness of northern-based birthing centres to better support Inuit maternal health
Corosky and Blystad (2016) [5] Yes Arviat, Nunavut, Northern Canada Nine male youth aged 17–22, 10 female youth aged 16–22 Methods to improve access to and quality of reproductive health supports How to make reproductive health resources effective for an Inuit youth target population A community health research model was followed to generate data on youth experiences of reproductive health support access in the north
Couchie and Sanderson, (2007) [6] No Northern Canada Pregnant Indigenous women in remote and rural northern communities Northern midwifery Policy review, not empirical research study. Author promotes northern midwifery A review of current policies in northern Indigenous communities that recommend evacuation of pregnant women to southern Canada, in order to increase the opportunity for these women to give birth in their northern communities
Douglas (2011) [8] No Rankin Inlet, Nunavut, Northern Canada Inuit women who gave birth at the Rankin Inlet Birthing Centre Northern birthing centres History of the Rankin Inlet birthing centre Evaluation of an established birthing centre in order to strengthen future northern birthing centres and improve Inuit youth reproductive health
Hohman-Billmeier et al. (2016) [10] Yes Alaska, Northern USA Inuit youth aged 14–19 Methods and interventions to improve access to and quality of reproductive health supports Program evaluation Teen pregnancy prevention program for Indigenous youth in Alaska
James et al. (2010) [11] No Northern Canada Pregnant Inuit women in Nunavut Northern midwifery How to increase midwifery services and midwifery education in the north Promoted midwifery as an intervention to prevent northern mothers from having to relocate to the south to give birth
Jessen et al. (2016) [13] No Northern regions of North America Women of childbearing age in northern regions of North America Methods and interventions to improve access to and quality of reproductive health supports A call to increase sexual and reproductive publications in the Arctic Promoted research on reproductive health within northern communities as an intervention to improve general youth reproductive health
Lauson et al. (2011) [15] No Nunavut, Northern Canada Mothers and children in Nunavut Methods and interventions to improve access to and quality of reproductive health supports Importance of creating a maternal-child health information surveillance system in the north Initiated a comprehensive maternal-child health surveillance system, in order to improve Inuit reproductive health in Nunavut
Lawford and Giles (2016) [16] No Kivalliq Inuit Centre, Winnipeg, Canada Pregnant Inuit women evacuated to the Kivalliq Inuit Centre for birth Prenatal education classes Implementing prenatal education classes for pregnant women Evaluated the prenatal education available for Inuit women evacuated for birth, in order to improve overall reproductive health
Leston et al. (2012) [17] Yes Alaska, Northern USA A sample of Inuit and rural youth from five communities in Alaska, aged 15–24 Barriers to reproductive health interventions in the north Understanding the themes of youth sexual and reproductive health Focus groups were created to better comprehend the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of rural Inuit youth in Alaska surrounding reproductive health, to define the most appropriate methods to educate youth regarding these topics
Logie et al. (2019a) [19] Yes Northwest Territories, Northern Canada Youth aged 13–18 in seventeen NWT communities Barriers to reproductive health interventions in the north Exploring factors related to sexual activity and condom use among teens Identified findings surrounding sexual practices and condom use for youth in NWT, in order to tailor proper prevention strategies to promote healthy youth sexual and reproductive health
Logie et al. (2019b) [20] Yes Northwest Territories, Northern Canada Youth aged 13–18 in seventeen NWT communities Barriers to reproductive health interventions in the north Exploring correlations around depression, food insecurity and condom use self-efficacy Examined factors associated with condom use self-efficacy in NWT youth, in order to inform strategies to promote sexual and reproductive health for northern youth
Luo et al. (2010) [21] No Northern Canada Young Inuit mothers in northern Canada Methods and interventions to improve access to and quality of reproductive health supports Comparing birth outcomes among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians Gathered more data on birth outcomes in Inuit populations as a knowledge intervention to promote and inform activities to improve Inuit reproductive health in northern Canada
Moisan et al. (2016) [22] Yes Northern regions of North America Inuit women aged 15–19 Barriers to reproductive health interventions in the north Describes current knowledge and factors regarding teen pregnancy in Inuit communities Portrayed the current determinants of early pregnancy among Inuit youth in the north, in order to better address the topic and aid in creating reproductive health programs
Van Wagner et al. (2012) [17] No Nunavik, Quebec, Northern Canada Data from 1372 labours and 1382 babies from 2002–2007 at the Inuulitsivik birth centre Northern birthing centres Maternal-child health outcomes at the Inuulitsivik birth centre Evaluated the Inuulitsivik birth centre by studying the outcomes of the births, in order to better understand the strengths of maternity services in northern communities