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  1. Global caesarean section (CS) rates have raised concern of a potential overuse of the procedure in both high- and low-resource settings. We sought to assess management and outcomes of deliveries with emergency...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist and Ashish Kc

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Pakistan has among the poorest pregnancy outcomes worldwide, significantly worse than many other low-resource countries. The reasons for these differences are not clear. In this study, we compared pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Fabian Esamai, Constance Tenge, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  3. Few studies have shown how the move toward institutional delivery in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) impacts stillbirth and newborn mortality.

    Authors: Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Avinash Kavi, Sunil S. Vernekar, Antoinette Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Carl L. Bose, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Patricia L. Hibberd…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):179

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  4. To determine the gender differences in neonatal mortality, stillbirths, and perinatal mortality in south Asia using the Global Network data from the Maternal Newborn Health Registry.

    Authors: Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, Elizabeth M. McClure, Tracy L. Nolen, Pooja Iyer, Robert L. Goldenberg and Richard J. Derman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):178

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  5. The physical environment profoundly affects women's well-being during childbirth in family-centered unit. A LDRP, which is an acronym for labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum that describes a maternity un...

    Authors: Behnam Kazemi Esfeh, Ashraf Kazemi and Aida Shamsaie

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:196

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  6. Universal access to contraception is an important strategy adopted by the South African government to reduce the high rate of unintended pregnancies, especially in women living with HIV. In this article, we de...

    Authors: Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Oluwaseyi Dolapo Somefun and John Shearer Lambert

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:194

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Dropout of infertility treatments is a global issue and many factors play role in this phenomenon. It is one of the most challenges in life of infertile couples. The purpose of this study was to determine drop...

    Authors: Maryam Ghorbani, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Masud Yunesian and Afsaneh Keramat

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:192

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  8. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for pregnancy among HIV-positive adolescents in a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya.

    Authors: Heather C. Millar, Alfred K. Keter, Beverly S. Musick, Edith Apondi, Juddy Wachira, Katherine R. MacDonald, Rachel F. Spitzer and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:191

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. The Global Network for Women's and Children’s Health Research (Global Network) conducts clinical trials in resource-limited countries through partnerships among U.S. investigators, international investigators ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. McClure, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Rashidul Haque, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):184

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  10. Neonatal mortality causes a substantial proportion of the under-5 mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC).

    Authors: Sangappa M. Dhaded, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogeshkumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y. Ramadurg, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Richard J. Derman and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):161

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  11. Quality assurance (QA) is a process that should be an integral part of research to protect the rights and safety of study participants and to reduce the likelihood that the results are affected by bias in data...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Emily MacGuire, Holly L. Franklin, Norma Alfaro, Gustavo Arroyo, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette Tshefu, Rashidul Haque, Jacquelyn K. Patterson, Edward A. Liechty, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):159

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  12. Babies born weighing ≥ 2500 g account for more than 80% of the births in most resource-limited locations and for nearly 50% of the 28-day neonatal deaths. In contrast, in high-resource settings, 28-day neonata...

    Authors: Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Elizabeth M. McClure, Kayla J. Nowak, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Tracy L. Nolen, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Yogesh Kumar, Fabian Esamai, Irene Marete, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):158

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  13. Due to high fertility rates in some low and lower-middle income countries, the interval between pregnancies can be short, which may lead to adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Kayla Nowak, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  14. Neonatal deaths in first 28-days of life represent 47% of all deaths under the age of five years globally and are a focus of the United Nation’s (UN’s) Sustainable Development Goals. Pregnant women are deliver...

    Authors: Archana B. Patel, Elizabeth M. Simmons, Sowmya R. Rao, Janet Moore, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nyongesa, Ana L. Garces, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Melissa Bauserman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):156

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  15. While the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and pregnancy outcomes has been studied often, most reports have focused on a specific Hb cutoff used to define anemia. Fewer studies have evaluate...

    Authors: Sumera Aziz Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure and Robert L. Goldenberg

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):154

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  16. Congenital anomalies are a significant cause of death and disability for infants, especially in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), where 95% of all deaths due to anomalies occur. Limited data on the preva...

    Authors: Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, K. Michael Hambidge, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Robert Goldenberg and Nancy F. Krebs

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):153

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  17. The Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research (Global Network, GN) has established the Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) to assess MNH outcomes over time. Bangladesh is the newest country...

    Authors: Sk Masum Billah, Rashidul Haque, Atique Iqbal Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan Siraj, Qazi Sadequr Rahman, Tanvir Hossain, Asraful Alam, Masud Alam, Chelsea Marie, Beth McGrath, Shams El Arifeen and William A. Petri Jr

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  18. Stillbirth rates are high and represent a substantial proportion of the under-5 mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). In LMIC, where nearly 98% of stillbirths worldwide occur, few population-bas...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ana Garces, Ryan Whitworth, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L. Bose, Sherri Bucher, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, S. Yogesh Kumar…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):146

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  19. The quality of obstetric care has been identified as a contributing factor in Indonesia’s persistently high level of maternal mortality, and the country’s restrictive abortion laws merit special attention to t...

    Authors: Jesse Philbin, Nugroho Soeharno, Margaret Giorgio, Rico Kurniawan, Meghan Ingerick and Budi Utomo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:189

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Sexual risk behaviours that occur among young men are based on dominant notions and practices that prevail in cultural contexts. As such, understanding the intersection of cultural norms and sexual risk behavi...

    Authors: Sinakekelwe Khumalo, Myra Taylor, Tawanda Makusha and Musawenkosi Mabaso

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:188

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Although fertility is a couple-based outcome, fertility studies typically include far fewer males than females. We know little about which factors facilitate or inhibit male participation in fertility research...

    Authors: Alyssa F. Harlow, Amy Zheng, John Nordberg, Elizabeth E. Hatch, Sam Ransbotham and Lauren A. Wise

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:186

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. A key challenge for menstruating girls and women in low-resource countries is the inadequate and unreliable supply of menstrual products. Although development partners are implementing menstrual product interv...

    Authors: Christabel Kambala, Angela Chinangwa, Effie Chipeta, Belen Torondel and Tracy Morse

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:185

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Healthcare providers have a responsibility to provide pain management support to women during labor. Labor pain management in low and middle income countries primarily relies on non-pharmacological methods, as...

    Authors: Almaz Aklilu Getu, Simegnew Asmer Getie, Getahun Belay Gela, Eleni Admassu Maseresha, Birhanu Elifu Feleke and Alemtsehay Mekonen Muna

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:183

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Letrozole can significantly decrease the estrogen level, and has been administrated to prevent the incidence of early ovary hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). However, the effect of Letrozole on prevention of O...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Bin Xu, Xi Huang, Yi Yan and Yanping Li

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:181

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Contraceptive discontinuation for reasons other than the desire for pregnancy is associated with mistimed and unwanted pregnancies, unwanted births and unsafe abortions which has increased risks of maternal mo...

    Authors: Birye Dessalegn Mekonnen and Chalachew Adugna Wubneh

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:175

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) comprises all procedures that involve the total or partial elimination of the external genitalia or any injury to the female genital organ for non-medical purposes. Mo...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Sanni Yaya, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Linus Baatiema and Carolyne Njue

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:174

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Understanding the price components of the mifepristone/misoprostol (combi-pack) for medical abortion to improve access is critical for identifying strategies to reduce product costs for quality-assured formula...

    Authors: Lester Chinery, Chadia Allaouidine, Alessandra Tomazzini, Melanie Larson and A. Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:171

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. The study was designed as quasi-experimental research to investigate the effectiveness of multifaceted interventions for improving the quality of antenatal care in referral hospitals in Nigeria. Two referral h...

    Authors: Friday Ebhodaghe Okonofua, Lorretta Favour Chizomam Ntoimo, Bola Ekezue, Victor Ohenhen, Kingsley Agholor, Mohammed Gana, Brian Igboin, Chioma Ekwo, Wilson Imongan, Hadiza Galadanci and Rosemary Ogu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:170

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Ghana introduced what has come to be known as the 'Free’ Maternal Health Care Policy (FMHCP) in 2008 via the free registration of pregnant women to the National Health Insurance Scheme to access healthcare fre...

    Authors: John Azaare, Patricia Akweongo, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey and Duah Dwomoh

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:169

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Despite the substantial need for sexuality education and evidence on its effectiveness, implementing organisations continue to grapple with numerous challenges, especially related to community support and resi...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Aarushi Khanna, Mohammed Ziauddin, Aparajita Gogoi and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:168

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Despite international support for increasing access to contraceptives among adolescents, gaps in use still exist worldwide. Past research has identified barriers to use across all levels of the socioecological...

    Authors: Elynn Kann Sanchez, Ilene S. Speizer, Elizabeth Tolley, Lisa M. Calhoun, Clare Barrington and Adesola O. Olumide

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:167

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The Syrian refugee crisis has led to massive displacement into neighboring countries including Jordan. This crisis has caused a significant strain on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services to the ho...

    Authors: Mirwais Amiri, Ieman M. El-Mowafi, Tala Chahien, Hind Yousef and Loulou Hassan Kobeissi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:166

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  33. To evaluate the feasibility of conducting a prospective study to measure self-managed medication abortion outcomes, and to collect preliminary data on safety and effectiveness of self-managed medication aborti...

    Authors: Heidi Moseson, Ruvani Jayaweera, Sarah Raifman, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Sofia Filippa, Relebohile Motana, Ijeoma Egwuatu, Belen Grosso, Ika Kristianingrum, Sybil Nmezi, Ruth Zurbriggen and Caitlin Gerdts

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:164

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Globally, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) bears the highest proportion of women with unmet need for contraception as nearly 25% of women of reproductive age in the sub-region have unmet need for contraception. Unmet ...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Abdul-Aziz Seidu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:163

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Owing to the severe repercussions associated with female genital mutilation (FGM) and its illicit status in many countries, the WHO, human rights organisations and governments of most sub-Saharan African count...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, John Elvis Hagan Jr, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Eugene Budu, Francis Sambah, Sanni Yaya, Eric Torgbenu and Thomas Schack

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:162

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. There are high expectations that mobile health (mHealth) strategies will increase uptake of health care services, especially in resource strained settings. Our study aimed to evaluate effects of an mHealth int...

    Authors: Jesse Coleman, Vivian Black, Anna Ekéus Thorson and Jaran Eriksen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:160

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The Australian population has an unmet need for contraception. However, evidence suggests contraceptive patterns of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations are unique. To tailor contraceptive service...

    Authors: Jacqueline Coombe, Amy E. Anderson, Natalie Townsend, Kym M. Rae, Stephanie Gilbert, Lyniece Keogh, Christine Corby and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:155

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  38. As the global pandemic of corona virus (COVID-19) spreads across continents and communities, people are forced to respond with strict preventive measures such as staying at home and keeping social distance. In...

    Authors: Gebremeskel Tukue Gebrewahd, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel and Degena Bahrey Tadesse

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:152

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Previous research has highlighted widespread public mis/perceptions that portray women with disabilities (WWDs) as asexual, less likely to marry, and often not interested in childbearing. However, evidence fro...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Rebecca Racheal Apolot, Tafadzwa Rugoho and Joshua Sumankuuro

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:151

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Less than 1% of married women in Tanzania use an Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUD) for contraception. An initiative by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) has been in progres...

    Authors: France John Rwegoshora, Projestine Selestine Muganyizi, Grasiana Festus Kimario, Ponsian Patrick Paul and Anita Makins

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:150

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Addressing adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) requires an understanding of the socio-cultural and spatial settings within which they live. One setting of particular importance is the...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Martin Bangha, Caroline W. Kabiru and Garumma T. Feyissa

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:149

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  42. There is no standard and comprehensive questionnaire for reproductive health assessment among women shift workers. This study aimed at the development and psychometric evaluation of the Women Shift Workers’ Re...

    Authors: Maryam Nikpour, Aram Tirgar, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Sharif Nia and Fatemeh Nasiri-Amiri

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:147

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The consequences of delays in travel of pregnant women to reach facilities in emergency situations are well documented in literature. However, their decision-making and actual experiences of travel to health f...

    Authors: Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Mobolanle Balogun, Ololade Wright, Babatunde Ajayi, Ibukun-Oluwa Omolade Abejirinde, Abimbola Olaniran, Rokibat Olabisi Giwa-Ayedun, Bilikisu Odusanya and Bosede Bukola Afolabi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:145

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Nigeria contributes significantly to the global burden of HIV, Hepatitis B and C infections, either singly or in combinations, despite progress in HIV care regionally and globally. Although some limited data o...

    Authors: George Uchenna Eleje, Ikechukwu Innocent Mbachu, Uchenna Chukwunonso Ogwaluonye, Stephen Okoroafor Kalu, Chinyere Ukamaka Onubogu, Sussan Ifeyinwa Nweje, Chinwe Elizabeth Uzochukwu, Chike Henry Nwankwo, Preye Owen Fiebai, Olabisi Morebise Loto, Godwin Otuodichinma Akaba, Hadiza Abdullahi Usman, Ayyuba Rabiu, Richard Obinwanne Egeonu, Odion Emmanuel Igue, Bukola Abimbola Adesoji…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:144

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  45. In Pakistan, deaths from preeclampsia/eclampsia (PE/E) represent one-third of maternal deaths reported at tertiary care hospitals. To reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with PE/E, an accessible stra...

    Authors: Anam Feroz, Sarah Saleem and Emily Seto

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:135

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  46. Most abortions occur due to unintended pregnancy. Unintended pregnancies are linked to poor health outcomes. Canada receives immigrants from countries with disparate sexual and reproductive health contexts whi...

    Authors: Susitha Wanigaratne, Mei-ling Wiedmeyer, Hilary K. Brown, Astrid Guttmann and Marcelo L. Urquia

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:143

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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