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  1. Globally, reproductive health programs have used mHealth to provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and services to young people, through diverse communication channels. However, few attempts ha...

    Authors: Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Misconceptions about the usefulness of condoms and other contraceptives still expose many unmarried adolescents to the risk of unwanted teenage pregnancies and sexually-transmitted infections (STIs). This stud...

    Authors: Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Chinonso Obayi, Irene Eze, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Adolescents 360 (A360) is an initiative being rolled out across Nigeria with the aim of increasing voluntary modern contraception use among women aged 15 to 19 years. Using evaluation study baseline data, we i...

    Authors: Emily E. Crawford, Christina J. Atchison, Yewande P. Ajayi and Aoife M. Doyle

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. For most parents, getting pregnant means having a child. Generally, the couple outlines plans and has expectations regarding the baby. When these plans are interrupted because of a perinatal loss, it turns out...

    Authors: Heloisa de Oliveira Salgado, Carla Betina Andreucci, Ana Clara Rezende Gomes and João Paulo Souza

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:5

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  5. Unintended pregnancies (UIP) have a significant impact on health of women and the health budget of countries. Contraception is an effective way to prevent UIPs. The study objective was to collate evidence on c...

    Authors: Kusum V. Moray, Himanshu Chaurasia, Oshima Sachin and Beena Joshi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Cesarean section (CS) rates have been increasing globally. Iran has one of the highest CS rates in the world (47.9%). This review was conducted to assess the prevalence of and reasons for women’s, family membe...

    Authors: Mahboubeh Shirzad, Elham Shakibazadeh, Khadijeh Hajimiri, Ana Pilar Betran, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Meghan A. Bohren, Newton Opiyo, Qian Long, Carol Kingdon, Mercedes Colomar and Mehrandokht Abedini

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:3

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  7. Understanding women’s desire to have more children is critical for planning towards future reproductive health behaviour. We examined the association between socio-economic and demographic factors and fertilit...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Eugene Budu and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. While the situation of married adolescent girls in Tanzania is increasingly documented, empirical evidence concerning the ways in which child marriage impacts girls’ and young women’s sexual lives is limited. ...

    Authors: Christine Mwanukuzi and Tumaini Nyamhanga

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Global caesarean section (CS) rates have raised concern of a potential overuse of the procedure in both high- and low-resource settings. We sought to assess management and outcomes of deliveries with emergency...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist and Ashish Kc

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health globally and an important explanatory variable to assess causality in epidemiological research. The 10th Sustainable Development Goal is to redu...

    Authors: Archana B. Patel, Carla M. Bann, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L. Bose, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Marion Koso-Thomas…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):193

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  11. Pakistan has among the poorest pregnancy outcomes worldwide, significantly worse than many other low-resource countries. The reasons for these differences are not clear. In this study, we compared pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Fabian Esamai, Constance Tenge, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  12. Preterm birth continues to be a major public health problem contributing to 75% of the neonatal mortality worldwide. Low birth weight (LBW) is an important but imperfect surrogate for prematurity when accurate...

    Authors: Yamini V. Pusdekar, Archana B. Patel, Kunal G. Kurhe, Savita R. Bhargav, Vanessa Thorsten, Ana Garces, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):187

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  13. Nulliparity has been associated with lower birth weight (BW) and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, with most of the data coming from high-income countries. In this study, we examined birth weight for gestation...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Wilton Perez, Margo S. Harrison, Kay S. Hwang, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Jacquelyn Patterson, Marion Koso-Thomas, Elizabeth M. McClure…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):182

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  14. Few studies have shown how the move toward institutional delivery in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) impacts stillbirth and newborn mortality.

    Authors: Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Avinash Kavi, Sunil S. Vernekar, Antoinette Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Carl L. Bose, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Patricia L. Hibberd…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):179

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  15. To determine the gender differences in neonatal mortality, stillbirths, and perinatal mortality in south Asia using the Global Network data from the Maternal Newborn Health Registry.

    Authors: Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, Elizabeth M. McClure, Tracy L. Nolen, Pooja Iyer, Robert L. Goldenberg and Richard J. Derman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):178

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  16. Birth weight (BW) is a strong predictor of neonatal outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare BWs between global regions (south Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Central America) prospectively and to determin...

    Authors: Irene Marete, Osayame Ekhaguere, Carla M. Bann, Sherri L. Bucher, Paul Nyongesa, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Adrien Lokangaka…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):176

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  17. Maternal mortality is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs). Appropriate data sources are lacking to effectively track maternal mortality and mon...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nyongesa, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elwyn Chomba…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):173

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  18. The objectives of this analysis were to document trends in and risk factors associated with the cesarean birth rate in low- and middle-income country sites participating in the Global Network for Women’s and C...

    Authors: Margo S. Harrison, Ana L. Garces, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Waldemar A. Carlo, Antoinette Tshefu, Marion Koso-Thomas…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 3):165

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 3

  19. The physical environment profoundly affects women's well-being during childbirth in family-centered unit. A LDRP, which is an acronym for labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum that describes a maternity un...

    Authors: Behnam Kazemi Esfeh, Ashraf Kazemi and Aida Shamsaie

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:196

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  20. Universal access to contraception is an important strategy adopted by the South African government to reduce the high rate of unintended pregnancies, especially in women living with HIV. In this article, we de...

    Authors: Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Oluwaseyi Dolapo Somefun and John Shearer Lambert

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:194

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Dropout of infertility treatments is a global issue and many factors play role in this phenomenon. It is one of the most challenges in life of infertile couples. The purpose of this study was to determine drop...

    Authors: Maryam Ghorbani, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Masud Yunesian and Afsaneh Keramat

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:192

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  22. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for pregnancy among HIV-positive adolescents in a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya.

    Authors: Heather C. Millar, Alfred K. Keter, Beverly S. Musick, Edith Apondi, Juddy Wachira, Katherine R. MacDonald, Rachel F. Spitzer and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:191

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. The Global Network for Women's and Children’s Health Research (Global Network) conducts clinical trials in resource-limited countries through partnerships among U.S. investigators, international investigators ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. McClure, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Rashidul Haque, Carl L. Bose, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):184

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  24. Neonatal mortality causes a substantial proportion of the under-5 mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC).

    Authors: Sangappa M. Dhaded, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogeshkumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y. Ramadurg, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Richard J. Derman and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):161

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  25. Quality assurance (QA) is a process that should be an integral part of research to protect the rights and safety of study participants and to reduce the likelihood that the results are affected by bias in data...

    Authors: Ana Garces, Emily MacGuire, Holly L. Franklin, Norma Alfaro, Gustavo Arroyo, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette Tshefu, Rashidul Haque, Jacquelyn K. Patterson, Edward A. Liechty, Richard J. Derman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):159

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  26. Babies born weighing ≥ 2500 g account for more than 80% of the births in most resource-limited locations and for nearly 50% of the 28-day neonatal deaths. In contrast, in high-resource settings, 28-day neonata...

    Authors: Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Elizabeth M. McClure, Kayla J. Nowak, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Tracy L. Nolen, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Yogesh Kumar, Fabian Esamai, Irene Marete, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):158

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  27. Due to high fertility rates in some low and lower-middle income countries, the interval between pregnancies can be short, which may lead to adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Kayla Nowak, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  28. Neonatal deaths in first 28-days of life represent 47% of all deaths under the age of five years globally and are a focus of the United Nation’s (UN’s) Sustainable Development Goals. Pregnant women are deliver...

    Authors: Archana B. Patel, Elizabeth M. Simmons, Sowmya R. Rao, Janet Moore, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nyongesa, Ana L. Garces, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Melissa Bauserman…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):156

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  29. While the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and pregnancy outcomes has been studied often, most reports have focused on a specific Hb cutoff used to define anemia. Fewer studies have evaluate...

    Authors: Sumera Aziz Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure and Robert L. Goldenberg

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):154

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  30. Congenital anomalies are a significant cause of death and disability for infants, especially in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), where 95% of all deaths due to anomalies occur. Limited data on the preva...

    Authors: Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, K. Michael Hambidge, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Robert Goldenberg and Nancy F. Krebs

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):153

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  31. The Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research (Global Network, GN) has established the Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) to assess MNH outcomes over time. Bangladesh is the newest country...

    Authors: Sk Masum Billah, Rashidul Haque, Atique Iqbal Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan Siraj, Qazi Sadequr Rahman, Tanvir Hossain, Asraful Alam, Masud Alam, Chelsea Marie, Beth McGrath, Shams El Arifeen and William A. Petri Jr

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  32. Stillbirth rates are high and represent a substantial proportion of the under-5 mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). In LMIC, where nearly 98% of stillbirths worldwide occur, few population-bas...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ana Garces, Ryan Whitworth, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L. Bose, Sherri Bucher, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy F. Krebs, S. Yogesh Kumar…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17(Suppl 2):146

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  33. The quality of obstetric care has been identified as a contributing factor in Indonesia’s persistently high level of maternal mortality, and the country’s restrictive abortion laws merit special attention to t...

    Authors: Jesse Philbin, Nugroho Soeharno, Margaret Giorgio, Rico Kurniawan, Meghan Ingerick and Budi Utomo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:189

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Sexual risk behaviours that occur among young men are based on dominant notions and practices that prevail in cultural contexts. As such, understanding the intersection of cultural norms and sexual risk behavi...

    Authors: Sinakekelwe Khumalo, Myra Taylor, Tawanda Makusha and Musawenkosi Mabaso

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:188

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Although fertility is a couple-based outcome, fertility studies typically include far fewer males than females. We know little about which factors facilitate or inhibit male participation in fertility research...

    Authors: Alyssa F. Harlow, Amy Zheng, John Nordberg, Elizabeth E. Hatch, Sam Ransbotham and Lauren A. Wise

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:186

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. A key challenge for menstruating girls and women in low-resource countries is the inadequate and unreliable supply of menstrual products. Although development partners are implementing menstrual product interv...

    Authors: Christabel Kambala, Angela Chinangwa, Effie Chipeta, Belen Torondel and Tracy Morse

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:185

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Healthcare providers have a responsibility to provide pain management support to women during labor. Labor pain management in low and middle income countries primarily relies on non-pharmacological methods, as...

    Authors: Almaz Aklilu Getu, Simegnew Asmer Getie, Getahun Belay Gela, Eleni Admassu Maseresha, Birhanu Elifu Feleke and Alemtsehay Mekonen Muna

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:183

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Letrozole can significantly decrease the estrogen level, and has been administrated to prevent the incidence of early ovary hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). However, the effect of Letrozole on prevention of O...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Bin Xu, Xi Huang, Yi Yan and Yanping Li

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:181

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Contraceptive discontinuation for reasons other than the desire for pregnancy is associated with mistimed and unwanted pregnancies, unwanted births and unsafe abortions which has increased risks of maternal mo...

    Authors: Birye Dessalegn Mekonnen and Chalachew Adugna Wubneh

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:175

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) comprises all procedures that involve the total or partial elimination of the external genitalia or any injury to the female genital organ for non-medical purposes. Mo...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Sanni Yaya, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Linus Baatiema and Carolyne Njue

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:174

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Understanding the price components of the mifepristone/misoprostol (combi-pack) for medical abortion to improve access is critical for identifying strategies to reduce product costs for quality-assured formula...

    Authors: Lester Chinery, Chadia Allaouidine, Alessandra Tomazzini, Melanie Larson and A. Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:171

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The study was designed as quasi-experimental research to investigate the effectiveness of multifaceted interventions for improving the quality of antenatal care in referral hospitals in Nigeria. Two referral h...

    Authors: Friday Ebhodaghe Okonofua, Lorretta Favour Chizomam Ntoimo, Bola Ekezue, Victor Ohenhen, Kingsley Agholor, Mohammed Gana, Brian Igboin, Chioma Ekwo, Wilson Imongan, Hadiza Galadanci and Rosemary Ogu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:170

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Ghana introduced what has come to be known as the 'Free’ Maternal Health Care Policy (FMHCP) in 2008 via the free registration of pregnant women to the National Health Insurance Scheme to access healthcare fre...

    Authors: John Azaare, Patricia Akweongo, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey and Duah Dwomoh

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:169

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Despite the substantial need for sexuality education and evidence on its effectiveness, implementing organisations continue to grapple with numerous challenges, especially related to community support and resi...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Aarushi Khanna, Mohammed Ziauddin, Aparajita Gogoi and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:168

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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