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  1. No Canadian studies to date have examined the experiences of people who decline aspects of care during pregnancy and birth. The current analysis bridges this gap by describing comments from 1123 people in Brit...

    Authors: Kathrin Stoll, Jessie J. Wang, Paulomi Niles, Lindsay Wells and Saraswathi Vedam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:79

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Preconception care is the provision of biomedical, behavioural, and social health interventions provided to women and couples before conception. However, in Ethiopia, little is known and practised to support p...

    Authors: Alemu Degu Ayele, Habtamu Gebrehana Belay, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Mulugeta Dile Worke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:78

    Content type: Review

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  3. There has been increasing recognition that certain vulnerable populations in the United States of America struggle to meet their menstruation-related needs, including people experiencing homelessness. Media an...

    Authors: Caitlin Gruer, Kim Hopper, Rachel Clark Smith, Erin Kelly, Andrew Maroko and Marni Sommer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:77

    Content type: Research

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  4. To evaluate the effects of the implementation of a postabortion care (PAC) strategy in Kinshasa referral hospitals, this study analyzed the quality of postabortion care services, including postabortion contrac...

    Authors: Daniel Katuashi Ishoso, Antoinette Tshefu, Thérèse Delvaux, Michèle Dramaix, Guy Mukumpuri and Yves Coppieters

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:76

    Content type: Research

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  5. Short birth intervals, defined by the World Health Organization as less than 33 months, may damage the health and wellbeing of children, mothers, and their families. People in northern Nigeria recognise many a...

    Authors: Ivan Sarmiento, Umaira Ansari, Khalid Omer, Yagana Gidado, Muhammad Chadi Baba, Adamu Ibrahim Gamawa, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:74

    Content type: Research

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  6. For couples affected by HIV, and serodifferent couples in particular, pregnancy desire is often juxtaposed against the risk of HIV transmission between the couple and the potential neonate leading to thinking ...

    Authors: Yasaman Zia, Jennifer Velloza, Lynda Oluoch, Richard Momanyi, Sarah Mbugua, John Njoroge, Stephen Gakuo, Edwin Mugo, Nicholas Thuo, Catherine Kiptinness, Njambi Njuguna, Kenneth Ngure, Nelly R. Mugo and Renee Heffron

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:73

    Content type: Research

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  7. Reproductive health changes can occur following infection with Human papillomavirus. HPV is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection causing a variety of clinical manifestations ranging from warts to ...

    Authors: Kowsar Qaderi, Seyedeh Tahereh Mirmolaei, Mehrnaz Geranmayeh, Farnaz Farnam and Shahrzad Sheikh Hasani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:72

    Content type: Research

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  8. Adolescent pregnancy is a risk factor for suicide. We aimed to assess the prevalence of suicide attempts among young women with adolescent pregnancy in Bangladesh and to explore its associated factors.

    Authors: Jie Li, Syeda Zerin Imam, Zhengyue Jing, Yi Wang and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:71

    Content type: Research

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  9. In Cameroon, maternal deaths remain high. The high maternal deaths in the country have been attributed to the low utilization of maternal healthcare services, including skilled birth attendance. This study exa...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Nicholas Kofi Adjei and Gebretsadik Shibre

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:70

    Content type: Research

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  10. In Bangladesh, abortion is illegal except to save a woman’s life, though menstrual regulation (MR) is permitted. MR involves the use of manual uterine aspiration or Misoprostol (with or without Mifepristone) t...

    Authors: Bonnie Crouthamel, Erin Pearson, Sarah Tilford, Samantha Hurst, Dipika Paul, Fahima Aqtar, Jay Silverman and Sarah Averbach

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:69

    Content type: Research

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  11. The Guttmacher-Lancet Commission report on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights called for the acceleration of progress to achieve SRHR that is essential for sustainable development. To integrate the esse...

    Authors: Angela Dawson, Alec Ekeroma, Donald Wilson, Amanda Noovao-Hill, Leeanne Panisi, Brooke Takala, Kirsten Black and Deborah Bateson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:68

    Content type: Commentary

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  12. Efforts are underway to develop an easy-to-use contraceptive microarray patch (MAP) that could expand the range of self-administrable methods. This paper presents results from a discrete choice experiment (DCE...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Callahan, Aurélie Brunie, Victoria Lebrun, Mario Chen, Christine L. Godwin, Kanchan Lakhwani and Funmilola M. OlaOlorun

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:67

    Content type: Research

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  13. The partograph is the most commonly used labour monitoring tool in the world. However, it has been used incorrectly or inconsistently in many settings. In 2018, a WHO expert group reviewed and revised the desi...

    Authors: Veronica Pingray, Mercedes Bonet, Mabel Berrueta, Agustina Mazzoni, María Belizán, Netanya Keil, Joshua Vogel, Fernando Althabe and Olufemi T. Oladapo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:66

    Content type: Research

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  14. Western China has undergone substantial sociodemographic change, yet little is known about the health status of ethnic minority populations living in these areas.

    Authors: Jessica D. Gipson, Corrina Moucheraud, Kunchok Gyaltsen, Lumo Tsering, Tabashir Z. Nobari and Lhusham Gyal

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:63

    Content type: Research

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  15. Married adolescent girls are vulnerable to risky sexual and reproductive health outcomes. We examined the association of fertility pressure from in-laws’ early in marriage with contraceptive use ever, parity, ...

    Authors: Anvita Dixit, Nandita Bhan, Tarik Benmarhnia, Elizabeth Reed, Susan M. Kiene, Jay Silverman and Anita Raj

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:60

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Canadian national identity is often understood as what it is not; American. Inundation with American history, news, and culture around race and racism imbues Canadians with a false impression of egalitaria...

    Authors: Ieman M. El-Mowafi, Abdiasis Yalahow, Dina Idriss-Wheeler and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:59

    Content type: Commentary

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  17. Women and girls are disproportionately affected in times of conflict and forced displacement, with disturbance in access to healthcare services leading to poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes. The mini...

    Authors: Dana Nabulsi, Maya Abou Saad, Hussein Ismail, Myrna A. A. Doumit, Fatima El-Jamil, Loulou Kobeissi and Fouad M. Fouad

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:58

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  18. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Fiona Theunissen, Isotta Cleps, Shivaprasad Goudar, Zahida Qureshi, Olorunfemi Oludele Owa, Kidza Mugerwa, Gilda Piaggio, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Miriam Nakalembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Alfred Osoti, Sura Mandeep, Teko Poriot, George Gwako, Sunil Vernekar and Mariana Widmer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:57

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:18

  19. Uganda has one of the highest adolescent pregnancy rates in sub-Saharan Africa. We compared the risk of adverse birth outcomes between adolescents (age 12–19 years) and mothers (age 20–34 years) in four urban ...

    Authors: Robert Serunjogi, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Daniel Mumpe-Mwanja, Dhelia Williamson, Diana Valencia, Sarah C. Tinker, Michelle R. Adler, Joyce Namale-Matovu, Dennis Kalibbala, Jolly Nankunda, Evelyn Nabunya, Doreen Birabwa-Male, Josaphat Byamugisha and Philippa Musoke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Persistent challenges in meeting reproductive health and family planning goals underscore the value in determining what factors can be leveraged to facilitate modern contraceptive use, especially in poor acces...

    Authors: Caroline Whidden, Youssouf Keita, Emily Treleaven, Jessica Beckerman, Ari Johnson, Aminata Cissé, Jenny Liu and Kassoum Kayentao

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:55

    Content type: Research

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  21. Sexual problems of intellectually disabled adolescents are associated with their inability to understand sexuality. Given the important role of parents in forming the attitude of their adolescents towards sexu...

    Authors: Shadi Goli, Mahnaz Noroozi and Mehrdad Salehi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:54

    Content type: Research

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  22. Approximately 2.6 million babies are stillborn each year globally, of which 98% occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). A 2019 individual participant data meta-analysis of 6 studies from high-income...

    Authors: Shania K. Rossiter, Samia Aziz, Alyce N. Wilson, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Tomasina Stacey, Caroline S. E. Homer and Joshua P. Vogel

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:53

    Content type: Review

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  23. The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM/C) in traditional African societies is grounded in traditions of patriarchy that subjugate women. It is widely assumed that approaches to eradicating the practice...

    Authors: Patricia Akweongo, Elizabeth F. Jackson, Shirley Appiah-Yeboah, Evelyn Sakeah and James F. Phillips

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:52

    Content type: Research

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  24. We aim to assess competencies (knowledge, skills and attitudes) of midwifery care providers as well as their experiences and perceptions of in-service training in the four study countries; Benin, Malawi, Tanza...

    Authors: Ann-Beth Moller, Joanne Welsh, Mechthild M. Gross, Max Petzold, Elizabeth Ayebare, Effie Chipeta, Hashim Hounkpatin, Bianca Kandeya, Beatrice Mwilike, Antoinette Sognonvi and Claudia Hanson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:50

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  25. Both inpatient and outpatient providers may be at increased risk of stress, anxiety and depression from their roles as health providers during the COVID-19 epidemic. This study explores how the US COVID-19 epi...

    Authors: Alison B. Comfort, Paul J. Krezanoski, Lavanya Rao, Alison El Ayadi, Alexander C. Tsai, Suzan Goodman and Cynthia C. Harper

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:49

    Content type: Research

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  26. Contraceptive use among adolescent girls is low in many sub-Saharan African countries including Kenya. Attitude and perspectives about contraception of community members including adolescent girls themselves m...

    Authors: Jefferson Mwaisaka, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Clement Oduor, Helen Habib, Joan Njagi and Martin W. Bangha

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:48

    Content type: Research

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  27. Integrating family planning into child immunization services may address unmet need for contraception by offering family planning information and services to postpartum women during routine child immunization ...

    Authors: Kate L. Sheahan, Jennifer Orgill-Meyer, Ilene S. Speizer, Siân Curtis, John Paul, Morris Weinberger and Antonia V. Bennett

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:47

    Content type: Research

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  28. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides a framework (ICD-MM) to classify pregnancy-related deaths systematically, which enables global comparison among countries. We compared the classification of pregnan...

    Authors: Lachmi R. Kodan, Kim J. C. Verschueren, Affette M. McCaw-Binns, Ray Tjon Kon Fat, Joyce L. Browne, Marcus J. Rijken and Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:46

    Content type: Research

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  29. Pelvic organ prolapse remains the public health challenge globally. Existing evidences report the effect of woman’s weight on the pelvic organ prolapse inconsistently and this urges the need of pooled body wei...

    Authors: Chernet Baye Zenebe, Wagaye Fentahun Chanie, Aster Berhe Aregawi, Tamiru Minwuye Andargie and Muhabaw Shumye Mihret

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:45

    Content type: Review

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  30. The misuse of conscientious objection (CO) is a significant barrier to legal abortion access in many countries, especially in Latin America. We examine the reasons for denial of legal abortion services in Mexi...

    Authors: Stephanie Andrea Küng, Jasmine Danette Wilkins, Fernanda Díaz de León, Freddy Huaraz and Erin Pearson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:44

    Content type: Research

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  31. Health service providers play a key role in addressing women’s need for postpartum pregnancy prevention. Yet, in Nepal, little is known about providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) on providing po...

    Authors: Lucy Stone, Mahesh C. Puri, Muqi Guo and Iqbal H. Shah

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:43

    Content type: Research

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  32. Prior studies have shown that contraceptive use reduces maternal mortality independently of other maternal health services. The present study took advantage of geographically detailed Indonesian data to study ...

    Authors: Riznawaty Imma Aryanty, NohanArum Romadlona, Besral Besral, Elvi Debora P. Panggabean, Budi Utomo, Richard Makalew and Robert J. Magnani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Family planning (FP) has the potential to improve maternal and child health outcomes and to reduce poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. However, substantial unmet need for modern contraceptive methods (MCMs) persist...

    Authors: Jenna Hoyt, Shari Krishnaratne, Jessie K. Hamon, Lydia Boudarene, Tracey Chantler, Shiferaw Dechasa Demissie, Justine Landegger, Easterlina Moseti, Seth Marcus, Misozi Kambanje, Shannon Pryor, Nathaly Spilotros, Marius Gnintoungbe, Dora Curry and Jayne Webster

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. In 2015–2017, the Americas experienced a highly consequential epidemics for pregnancy and childbearing. Mainly transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, but also through sexual intercourse, the Zika virus poses ...

    Authors: Raquel Zanatta Coutinho, Aida Villanueva Montalvo, Abigail Weitzman and Letícia Junqueira Marteleto

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:40

    Content type: Research

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  35. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) concerns over 200 million women and girls worldwide and is associated with obstetric trauma and long-term urogynaecological and psychosexual complications that are oft...

    Authors: Alzbeta Binkova, Marion Uebelhart, Patrick Dällenbach, Michel Boulvain, Angèle Gayet-Ageron and Jasmine Abdulcadir

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:39

    Content type: Research

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  36. While Doppler ultrasound screening is beneficial for women with high-risk pregnancies, there is insufficient evidence on its benefits and harms in low- and unselected-risk pregnancies. This may be related to f...

    Authors: Joshua P. Vogel, Valerie Vannevel, Gianna Robbers, George Gwako, Tina Lavin, Abiodun Adanikin, Tsakane Hlongwane, Robert C. Pattinson, Zahida P. Qureshi and Olufemi T. Oladapo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:38

    Content type: Research

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  37. Iran is amongst the countries that have achieved the fifth goal of the United Nations Millennium Development Goal. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Iran has declined from 48 cases per 100,000 in 2000 to 1...

    Authors: Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Shahla Khosravi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Azam Mohammadi and Parvin Abedi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:37

    Content type: Commentary

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  38. Implementation of evidence-based practice is crucial to enhance quality health care, professional development, and cost-effective health service. However, many factors influence the implementation of evidence-...

    Authors: Asrat Hailu Dagne, Mekonnen Haile Beshah, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Eyaya Habtie Dagnaw

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:36

    Content type: Research

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  39. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest fertility rate in the world, with the highest unmet need for family planning (FP). Yet, there is a lack of knowledge about the determinants for non-utilisation of modern cont...

    Authors: Jumaine Gahungu, Mariam Vahdaninia and Pramod R. Regmi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:35

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  40. Caesarean sections (CS) in Bangladesh have risen eight-fold in the last 15 years. Few studies have explored why. Anecdotally, physicians suggest maternal request for CS is a reason. Women and families suggest ...

    Authors: Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Sk Masum Billah, Farhana Karim, Md Shahjahan Siraj, Alan Buckingham and Carol Kingdon

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:34

    Content type: Research

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  41. Addressing the unmet need for modern contraception underpins the goal of all family planning and contraception programs. Contraceptive discontinuation among those in need of a method hinders the attainment of ...

    Authors: Susan Ontiri, Lilian Mutea, Violet Naanyu, Mark Kabue, Regien Biesma and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:33

    Content type: Research

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  42. In Ethiopia, the utilization coverage of adolescent-friendly health services (AFSRHs) ranged only from 9 to 55% and it was the lowest of all Sub-Saharan African countries in 2016. Little is known why adolescen...

    Authors: Yitagesu Habtu, Mirgissa Kaba and Hussein Mekonnen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. In recognition of the opportunity created by the increasing attention to menstrual health at global, regional, and national levels, the World Health Organization’s Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health ...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Archana Patkar, Jenelle Babb, Asanthi Balapitiya, Flo Carson, Bethany A. Caruso, Margarita Franco, Maja Manzenski Hansen, Jacquelyn Haver, Andisheh Jahangir, Caroline W. Kabiru, Ephraim Kisangala, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Aditi Sharma, Marni Sommer and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:31

    Content type: Commentary

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  44. Although medication abortion has become more common in high-income countries, the procedure has not yet met early expectations for widening access to abortion. High-quality evidence can serve as a catalyst for...

    Authors: Annik M. Sorhaindo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:30

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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