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  1. Various physical, psychological, social and cultural factors contribute to vaginismus. Therefore, given the multidimensionality of this disorder and the need to pay more attention to all biological, psychologi...

    Authors: Mojdeh Banaei, Nourossadat Kariman, Giti Ozgoli and Maliheh Nasiri

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:210

    Content type: Research

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  2. The prevalence of teenage pregnancies in Malawi is 29%. About 25% of those are married while 30% are unmarried adolescents (15–19 years old) who use contraceptives. Data on contraceptive use has focused on old...

    Authors: Gift Mtawali Dombola, Wanangwa Chimwaza Manda and Effie Chipeta

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:209

    Content type: Research

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  3. Despite high prevalence, food aversions are closely linked to the dietary intake of pregnant women. Thus, understanding this behavior is important in addressing the issue of maternal nutrition. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Abel Yalew, Wondwosen Tekle Silasie, Anchamo Anato and Anteneh Fikrie

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:208

    Content type: Research

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  4. There is evidence that women with disabilities (WWDs) experience the most difficulty accessing and using sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHRs) services and information worldwide. However, there are...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Charlotte Ofori and Samuel Dery

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:206

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. The world is making progress toward achieving maternal and child health (MCH) related components of the Sustainable Development Goals. Nevertheless, the progress of many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa is lagg...

    Authors: Mariam Tanou, Takaaki Kishida and Yusuke Kamiya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:205

    Content type: Research

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  6. Generally, social development among young people is largely influenced by their peers. Peer education is a proven and effective approach for promoting reproductive health among young people, especially HIV/AID...

    Authors: Selema Akuiyibo, Jennifer Anyanti, Omokhudu Idogho, Sara Piot, Babatunde Amoo, Nelson Nwankwo and Nnamdi Anosike

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:204

    Content type: Research

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  7. Adolescent pregnancy carries a high risk of severe health issues for both the mother and the newborn. Worldwide, 21 million adolescents give birth every year, with high percentages in Latin America. Most of th...

    Authors: Jhonatan R. Mejia, Ángel J. Quincho-Estares, Asstrid J. Flores-Rondon, Giancarlo Reyes-Beltran, Irene L. Arias-Sulca, Estephanie Palomino-Hilario, Jessica E. Barrientos-Cochachi and Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:203

    Content type: Research

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  8. Improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health continues to be a global public health need. Effective parent–adolescent communication on sexual health issues has been cited as a factor that could influenc...

    Authors: Ijeoma Usonwu, Raheelah Ahmad and Katherine Curtis-Tyler

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:202

    Content type: Review

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  9. To investigate the pattern of multiple human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and associated factors in young women who access the Brazilian public health care system to better understand the characteristics of mu...

    Authors: Natália Luiza Kops, Juliana Caierão, Marina Bessel, Jaqueline Driemeyer Correia Horvath, Carla Magda Domingues, Adele Schwartz Benzaken, Luisa Lina Villa, Flávia Moreno Alves de Souza, Gerson Fernando Mendes Pereira and Eliana Marcia Wendland

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:201

    Content type: Research

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  10. The World Health Organization recommends research to evaluate the effects of a single third trimester Doppler ultrasound examination on preventable deaths in unselected-risk pregnancies, particularly in low- a...

    Authors: Sam Ali, Olive Kabajaasi, Michael G. Kawooya, Josaphat Byamugisha, David Zakus, Aris T. Papageorghiou, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Marcus J. Rijken

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:199

    Content type: Research

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  11. Ensuring the right to respectful care for maternal and newborn health, a critical dimension of quality and acceptability, requires meeting standards for Respectful Maternity Care (RMC). Absence of mistreatment...

    Authors: R. Rima Jolivet, Jewel Gausman, Neena Kapoor, Ana Langer, Jigyasa Sharma and Katherine E. A. Semrau

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:194

    Content type: Research

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  12. With the prevalence of infertility increasing every year around the world, it has seriously impacted the individual quality of family and social life. Anxiety is one of the most prevalent anxiety disorders amo...

    Authors: Wenwu Gui, Xi Yang, Huimin Jiang, Hongwen Wu, Mao Zeng, Yidi Wen, Tian Qiu, Yong Zhang, Zhi Ma, Chao Tong, Li Luo, Yong Zhao and Lianlian Wang

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:193

    Content type: Research

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  13. The ECHO trial randomised 7829 women to depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-IM), the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and the levonorgestrel (LNG) implant (1:1:1) and found no clear difference in HIV incid...

    Authors: Mandisa Singata-Madliki, Theresa A. Lawrie, Yusentha Balakrishna, Florence Carayon-Lefebvre d’Hellencourt and G. Justus Hofmeyr

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:192

    Content type: Research

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  14. Although abortion was legalized in South Africa in 1996, barriers to safe, legal abortion services remain, and women continue to seek abortions outside of the formal healthcare sector. This study explored the ...

    Authors: Jane Harries, Kristen Daskilewicz, Tshegofatso Bessenaar and Caitlin Gerdts

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:190

    Content type: Research

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  15. Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in the testis are crucial for transferring genetic information to the next generation. Successful transplantation of SSCs to infertile men is an advanced therapeutic applicatio...

    Authors: Hossein Azizi, Amirreza Niazi Tabar and Thomas Skutella

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:189

    Content type: Research

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  16. Efforts to improve antenatal care have been heightened to reduce global maternal deaths. In resource-limited settings, community-based interventions play a pivotal role in improving antenatal care services. Ho...

    Authors: Chakupewa Joseph and Stephen O. Maluka

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:188

    Content type: Research

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  17. Pacific Island countries are vulnerable to disasters, including cyclones and earthquakes. Disaster preparedness is key to a well-coordinated response to preventing sexual violence and assisting survivors, redu...

    Authors: Kristen Beek, Robyn Drysdale, Matthew Kusen and Angela Dawson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:185

    Content type: Research

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  18. Studies on very young adolescents’ romantic and sexual experiences would help inform the context in which early sex arises. However, such studies are scant in China due to sparse data and cultural issues.

    Authors: Chunyan Yu, Chaohua Lou, Qiguo Lian, Xiaowen Tu, Jiashuai Zhang and Xiayun Zuo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:184

    Content type: Research

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  19. Obstetric fistula occurs in all developing countries but it is confined to the “fistula belt” across the northern half of Sub-Saharan Africa from Mauritania to Eritrea and in the developing countries of the Mi...

    Authors: Dessalegn Nigatu Rundasa, Tarekegn Fekede Wolde, Kenbon Bayisa Ayana and Abeya Fufa Worke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:183

    Content type: Research

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  20. Adolescents face significant barriers to access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services in many low-income settings, which in turn may be associated with adverse consequences such as early p...

    Authors: Margarate Nzala Munakampe, Isaac Fwemba, Joseph Mumba Zulu and Charles Michelo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:182

    Content type: Research

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  21. There remains a lack of evidence to demonstrate whether the initiation time of estrogen stimulation is flexible in the proliferative endometrial phase during the artificial cycle for frozen-thawed embryo trans...

    Authors: Ying Ying, Yixuan Wu, Shuang Liu, Qing Huang and Haiying Liu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:181

    Content type: Research

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  22. Adolescent girls’ risk of school dropout and reproductive health (RH) challenges may be exacerbated by girls’ attitudes toward their bodies and inability to manage their menstruation. We assessed effects of sa...

    Authors: Karen Austrian, Beth Kangwana, Eunice Muthengi and Erica Soler-Hampejsek

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:179

    Content type: Research

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  23. South Africa faces a high burden of unmet contraceptive need, particularly among adolescent girls and young women. Providing contraception in community-based venues may overcome barriers to contraceptive acces...

    Authors: Nafisa J. Wara, Christina Psaros, Sabina Govere, Nosipho Dladla, Ashley Stuckwisch, Dani Zionts, Jana Jarolimova and Ingrid V. Bassett

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:178

    Content type: Research

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  24. Women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have a higher risk of unintended pregnancies that are more likely to be terminated, most of which are unsafe with associated complications. Unmet need for contraception is hig...

    Authors: Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Joshua Amo-Adjei

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:177

    Content type: Research

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  25. Implanon is an effective form of long-acting reversible contraceptive used to prevent conception with a clinical failure rate of less than one per 100 users. However, in sub-Saharan countries the utilization o...

    Authors: Hana Tesfaye, Ebissa Negara and Kenbon Bayisa

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:176

    Content type: Research

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  26. Reproductive health education (RHE) is an important component of school curricula. It helps students in the decision-making process regarding several issues concerning reproductive health. However delivering R...

    Authors: Nitin Joseph, Vaibhav Mahato, Akhil Pandey, Shikha Mishra, Garima Prakash and Rishika Gandhi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:175

    Content type: Research

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  27. Global strategies to target high maternal mortality ratios are focused on providing skilled attendance at delivery along with access to emergency obstetric care. Research that examines strategies to increase f...

    Authors: Endalew G. Sendo, Motshedisi E. Chauke and M. Ganga-Limando

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:174

    Content type: Research

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  28. To evaluate the type of contraceptives used by women in need of family planning in India and the inequalities associated with that use according to women's age, education, wealth, subnational region of residen...

    Authors: Fernanda Ewerling, Lotus McDougal, Anita Raj, Leonardo Z. Ferreira, Cauane Blumenberg, Divya Parmar and Aluisio J. D. Barros

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:173

    Content type: Research

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  29. This study aimed to identify factors associated with risk sexual behaviours and target high-risk groups at risk of HIV/STDs infection among university students.

    Authors: Xiaoan Du, Ling Zhang, Hong Luo, Wenlong Rong, Xianxin Meng, Hang Yu and Xiaodong Tan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:172

    Content type: Research

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  30. Multiple oral insulin-sensitizing agents, such as metformin, thiazolidinediones, inositols, and berberine, have been proven safe and efficacious in improving the endocrine, metabolic, and reproductive abnormal...

    Authors: Han Zhao, Chuan Xing, Jiaqi Zhang and Bing He

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:171

    Content type: Research

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  31. The use of a decision aid in clinical settings has been beneficial. It informs and educates patients about the available treatment options that can help them reduce decision-making conflicts related to feeling...

    Authors: Stella E. Mushy, Eri Shishido, Sebalda Leshabari and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:170

    Content type: Research

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  32. Domestic violence (DV) affects millions of people worldwide, especially women impacting their health status and livelihoods. To prevent DV and to improve the quality of victims’ lives, Mozambican governmental ...

    Authors: Eunice Jethá, Ines Keygnaert, Mohamed Seedat, Joaquim Nhampoca, Mohsin Sidat and Kristien Roelens

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:169

    Content type: Research

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  33. Minimal invasive tissue sampling (MITS) has emerged as a suitable alternative to complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA) for determination of the cause of death (CoD), due to feasibility and acceptability issues. A ...

    Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Narendra Kumar Arora, Gurkirat Kaur, Prikanksha Malik, Mahisha Kumari, Shipra Joshi, Reeta Rasaily, Harish Chellani, Harsha Gaikwad, Pradeep Debata and K. R. Meena

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:168

    Content type: Research

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  34. Maternal mortality among adolescent mothers in South Africa is higher than many middle-income countries. This is largely attributable to conditions that can be prevented or managed by high quality antenatal ca...

    Authors: Ronel Sewpaul, Rik Crutzen, Natisha Dukhi, Derrick Sekgala and Priscilla Reddy

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:167

    Content type: Research

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  35. Nigeria, like many other countries, has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. While efforts have been devoted to curtailing the disease, a major concern has been its potential effects on the deliver...

    Authors: Babatunde Adelekan, Erika Goldson, Zubaida Abubakar, Ulla Mueller, Audu Alayande, Tellson Ojogun, Lorretta Ntoimo, Bukky Williams, Ibrahim Muhammed and Friday Okonofua

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:166

    Content type: Research

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  36. Fertility treatments help many infertile couples to have children. However, disparities exist in access to fertility tests and treatments. We investigated the association between household income and medical h...

    Authors: Arisa Iba, Eri Maeda, Seung Chik Jwa, Ayako Yanagisawa-Sugita, Kazuki Saito, Akira Kuwahara, Hidekazu Saito, Yukihiro Terada, Osamu Ishihara and Yasuki Kobayashi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:165

    Content type: Research

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  37. Preeclampsia (PE) is a complex pregnancy hypertensive disorder with multifaceted etiology. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and nitric oxide (NO) levels has been reported to be associated with PE...

    Authors: Ghazala Shaheen, Sarwat Jahan, Nousheen Bibi, Asmat Ullah, Rani Faryal, Ali Almajwal, Tayyaba Afsar, Dara Al-disi, Mahmoud Abulmeaty, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Khuraif, Mohammed Arshad and Suhail Razak

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:163

    Content type: Research

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  38. Pregnancy is a time of profound physical and emotional change as well as an increased risk of mental illness. While strengthening social support is a common recommendation to reduce such mental health risk, no...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:162

    Content type: Review

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  39. Recently known as the genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD), Dyspareunia is considered a negative factor affecting a couple’s sexual health. This paper analyzes pain in Dyspareunia cases and determin...

    Authors: Ameneh Alizadeh and Farnaz Farnam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:161

    Content type: Research

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  40. Afghanistan has one of the highest burdens of maternal mortality in the world, estimated at 638 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Infections, obstetric hemorrhage, and unsafe abortion are the three leadi...

    Authors: Farzana Maruf, Hannah Tappis, Enriquito Lu, Ghutai Sadeq Yaqubi, Jelle Stekelenburg and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:160

    Content type: Research

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  41. Gaining excessive or inadequate gestational weight is associated with many adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) increases the risk of fetal growth restriction, pre-term...

    Authors: Fekede Asefa, Allison Cummins, Yadeta Dessie, Maralyn Foureur and Andrew Hayen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:159

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Pregnancy is a time for women in which the need for social support is crucial. Social support reduces stressors and improves the emotional and physical well-being of pregnant women. Women receiving low social ...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:158

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:187

  43. It is necessary to invest in married adolescent girls’ health because of their roles in promoting the community and health of the next generation. Meanwhile, there are many concerns about their sexual and repr...

    Authors: Shahnaz Kohan, Shirin Allahverdizadeh, Ziba Farajzadegan, Morteza Ghojazadeh and Zahra Boroumandfar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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