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Table 1 Summary characteristics of providers

From: Mental health among outpatient reproductive health care providers during the US COVID-19 epidemic

  Full Sample
(n = 288)
Sample of providers affected by feelings of stress, anxiety or depression (n = 187) χ2 comparison of sample that did versus did not report increased stress/anxiety/depression
n % n %
Sex, n (%)      
 Female 251 94 168 92 χ2 = 3.10
 Male 14 5 12 7 p = 0.21
 Other/non-binary 2 1 2 1  
Age (mean ± SD) 46.4 ± 11.5 46.0 ± 11.4 t-stat = 0.92, p=0.36
Race/ethnicity, n (%)      
 White 165 62 113 62 χ2 = 8.38
 Black 29 11 14 8 p = 0.14
 Hispanic/Latinx 40 15 30 16  
 Asian/Pacific Islander 26 10 19 10  
 Native American 4 2 4 2  
 Other 3 1 2 1  
Provider type, n (%)
 Physician 44 16 32 18 χ2 = 16.39
 Physician’s Assistant 14 5 8 4 p = 0.06
 Nurse Practitioner/ Certified Nurse Midwife 82 30 53 29  
 Registered Nurse 61 23 34 19  
 Other Nurse 7 3 6 3  
 Medical Assistant 11 4 7 4  
 Health Educator/Social worker 7 3 6 3  
 Manager/Director 24 9 20 11  
 Administrative staff 17 6 15 8  
 Student 3 1 1 1  
Education, n (%)
 High school, GED, technical or vocational 13 5 9 5 χ2 = 0.40
 Two-year college degree 21 8 13 7 p = 0.98
 Four-year college degree 61 23 43 24  
 Graduate or professional 163 61 111 61  
 Other 8 3 6 3  
Practice setting, n (%)
 Primary care/Heath department 123 43 83 45 χ2 = 1.52
 Family planning/abortion clinics 97 34 58 32 p = 0.68
 Youth/student clinics 52 18 35 19  
 Hospital/Other 16 6 9 5  
Region, n (%)
 Northeast 35 12 21 11 χ2 = 5.2723
 Midwest 26 9 17 9 p = 0.260
 Southeast 90 31 49 26  
 Southwest 76 26 38 26  
 West 69 23 52 28  
  1. The last column represents chi-square (for categorical) and t-tests (for continuous) comparisons between the sample that reported increased stress, anxiety and depression and the sample that did not