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Table 2 Predictors of skilled birth attendance among married women In Cameroon, 2018

From: Predictors of skilled birth attendance among married women in Cameroon: further analysis of 2018 Cameroon Demographic and Health Survey

Variables cOR p-values aOR (95% CI) p-values
Maternal age
 15–19 Ref   Ref  
 20–24 1.24 (0.94–1.63) 0.115 0.82 (0.55–1.23) 0.356
 25–29 1.14 (0.83–1.57) 0.387 1.11 (0.67–1.85) 0.672
 30–34 1.27 (0.93–1.73) 0.128 1.35 (0.78–2.35) 0.277
 35–39 1.27 (0.90–1.78) 0.161 1.33 (0.76–2.32) 0.317
 40–44 1.22 (0.80–1.85) 0.346 1.66 (0.88–3.13) 0.113
 45–49 0.49 (0.24–0.99) 0.050 1.17 (0.52–2.66) 0.692
Maternal education
 No formal education Ref   Ref  
 Primary school 5.26 (4.18–6.61) < 0.001 1.46 (1.13–1.90) 0.004
 Secondary school 22.56 (16.49–30.85) < 0.001 2.38 (1.65–3.42) < 0.001
 Higher 151.05 (52.45–434.99) < 0.001 2.46 (0.75–7.98) 0.133
Husband education
 No formal education Ref   Ref  
 Primary school 3.00 (2.25–3.99) < 0.001 1.25 (0.91–1.71) 0.164
 Secondary school 9.36 (7.12–12.28) < 0.001 1.43 (1.03–1.99) 0.033
 Higher 60.62 (33.38–110.11) < 0.001 2.13 (0.90–5.03) 0.084
Place of residence
 Urban Ref   Ref  
 Rural 0.12 (0.08–0.18) < 0.001 0.50 (0.33–0.74) 0.001
Religion
 Catholic Ref    
 Protestant 0.70 (0.51–0.95) 0.025 0.72 (0.51–1.02) 0.066
 Other Christians 0.78 (0.50–1.22) 0.290 0.55 (0.35–0.87) 0.011
 Muslim 0.31 (0.21–0.44) < 0.001 0.75 (0.53–1.07) 0.120
 Animist 0.08 (0.04–0.14) < 0.001 0.46 (0.20–1.02) 0.057
 Others 0.27 (0.14–0.54) < 0.001 0.51 (0.24–1.09) 0.085
Economic status
 Poorest Ref   Ref  
 Poorer 3.63 (2.77–4.74) < 0.001 1.45 (1.04–2.02) 0.025
 Middle 8.73 (6.35–12.02) < 0.001 1.88 (1.27–2.78) 0.002
 Richer 28.30 (17.52–45.71) < 0.001 2.71 (1.63–4.48) < 0.001
 Richest 126.08 (69.60–228.37) < 0.001 5.16 (2.58–10.30) < 0.001
Media exposure
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 10.00 (8.09–12.36) < 0.001 1.46 (1.11–1.91) 0.006
Region
 Adamawa Ref   Ref  
 Centre (Without Yaoundé) 4.66 (2.45–8.86) < 0.001 1.51 (0.79–2.88) 0.201
 Douala 45.03 (19.96–101.59) < 0.001 2.08 (0.78–5.51) 0.140
 East 1.50 (0.84–2.68) 0.161 0.59 (0.33–1.04) 0.072
 Far-North 0.75 (0.44–1.26) 0.283 0.79 (0.46–1.37) 0.411
 Littoral (Without Douala) 28.78 (14.79–56.02) < 0.001 10.89 (4.57–25.95) < 0.001
 North 0.73 (0.42–1.25) 0.256 0.94 (0.53–1.68) 0.859
 North-West 9.82 (2.67–36.14) 0.001 3.23 (0.93–11.16) 0.063
 West 42.69 (17.77–102.56) < 0.001 9.86 (4.41–22.05) < 0.001
 South 5.80 (3.21–10.48) < 0.001 1.19 (0.64–2.24) 0.571
 South-West 138.01 (17.79–1070.53) < 0.001 4.74 (0.62–35.82) 0.131
 Yaoundé 14.37 (4.54–45.43) < 0.001 1.20 (0.43–3.34) 0.726
Skilled ANC
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 30.20 (21.56–42.31) < 0.001 14.46 (10.01–20.89) < 0.001
Decision making
 No decision making Ref   Ref  
 Moderate decision making 2.51 (1.91–3.29) < 0.001 1.12 (0.80–1.57) 0.479
 Higher decision making 4.04 (3.02–5.40) < 0.001 1.88 (1.36–2.59) < 0.001
Attitude towards wife beating
 Accept Ref   Ref  
 Refuse 1.49 (1.21–1.83) < 0.001 1.32 (1.05–1.65) 0.014
Parity
 1–2 Ref   Ref  
 3–4 0.74 (0.63–0.87) < 0.001 0.67 (0.48–0.93) 0.019
 5+ 0.47 (0.39–0.56) < 0.001 0.62 (0.41–0.93) 0.024
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